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Table 10 Relation between continuing eligibility for disability benefit and socio-demographic characteristics, main diagnosis for work disability and comorbidity

From: Characteristics of individuals receiving disability benefits in the Netherlands and predictors of leaving the disability benefit scheme: a retrospective cohort study with five-year follow-up

Outflow of disability benefita Independent variables Coefficient Standard error Z statistic p-value Relative risk ratio
Outflow in 1st year Intercept -5.934 0.230 −25.78 0.000  
Gender
 Male 1.00 (ref)     
 Female −0.255 0.070 −3.64 0.000 0.78
Age 0.042 0.004 10.36 0.000 1.04
Educational level
 Low 1.00 (ref)     
 Secondary 0.057 0.099 0.58 0.564 1.06
 High −0.024 0.133 −0.18 0.860 0.98
 Unknown 1.033 0.087 11.84 0.000 2.81
Main diagnosis
 Mental 1.00 (ref)     
 Musculoskeletal −0.347 0.214 −1.62 0.105 0.71
 Nervous system −0.925 0.249 −3.71 0.000 0.40
 Cardiovascular −0.761 0.241 −3.15 0.002 0.47
 Cancer 1.351 0.213 6.33 0.000 3.86
 Other −0.079 0.221 −0.17 0.864 0.96
Comorbidity
 Single mental disorder 1.00 (ref)     
 Multiple mental disorders −0.302 0.211 −1.43 0.153 0.74
 Single physical disorder 0.876 0.242 3.62 0.000 2.10
 Multiple physical disorders 0.617 0.246 2.51 0.012 1.85
 Mental and physical −0.066 0.184 −0.36 0.721 0.94
Outflow in 2nd or 3rd year Intercept −4.060 0.126 − 32.15 0.000  
Gender
 Male 1.00 (ref)     
 Female −0.079 0.043 −1.83 0.067 0.92
Age 0.034 0.002 14.57 0.000 1.03
Educational level
 Low 1.00 (ref)     
 Secondary 0.068 0.054 1.27 0.203 1.07
 High 0.088 0.070 1.25 0.210 1.09
 Unknown 0.204 0.063 3.21 0.001 1.22
Main diagnosis
 Mental 1.00 (ref)     
 Musculoskeletal −0.114 0.108 −1.62 0.293 0.89
 Nervous system −0.572 0.133 −4.32 0.000 0.56
 Cardiovascular −0.098 0.122 −0.81 0.421 0.91
 Cancer 1.029 0.116 8.85 0.000 2.80
 Other 0.184 0.115 1.60 0.110 1.20
Comorbidity
 Single mental disorder 1.00 (ref)     
 Multiple mental disorders −0.133 0.100 −1.32 0.186 0.88
 Single physical disorder 0.238 0.125 1.90 0.058 1.27
 Multiple physical disorders 0.171 0.127 1.35 0.178 1.19
 Mental and physical −0.180 0.095 −1.89 0.880 0.84
Outflow in 4th or 5th year Intercept −6.879 0.170 −40.54 0.000  
Gender
 Male 1.00 (ref)     
 Female −0.048 0.046 −1.04 0.300 0.95
Age 0.087 0.003 28.97 0.000 1.09
Educational level
 Low 1.00 (ref)     
 Secondary 0.086 0.057 1.50 0.133 1.09
 High 0.103 0.073 1.42 0.157 1.11
 Unknown −0.142 0.074 −1.92 0.055 0.87
Main diagnosis
 Mental 1.00 (ref)     
 Musculoskeletal −0.254 0.112 −2.27 0.023 0.78
 Nervous system −0.102 0.127 −0.80 0.422 0.90
 Cardiovascular −0.035 0.122 −0.29 0.772 0.97
 Cancer 0.371 0.127 2.92 0.004 1.45
 Other 0.193 0.118 1.64 0.101 1.21
Comorbidity
 Single mental disorder 1.00 (ref)     
 Multiple mental disorders 0.073 0.117 0.62 0.535 1.08
 Single physical disorder 0.295 0.134 2.20 0.028 1.34
 Multiple physical disorders 0.195 0.135 1.44 0.150 1.21
 Mental and physical −0.016 0.104 −0.15 0.880 0.98
  1. aReference category is continuing eligibility for disability benefit
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