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Table 1 Policies and laws related to sexual health and availability/access to sexual health and education services in Catalonia and Barnaul

From: Measurement of sexual health outcomes among people who inject drugs: pilot study in Catalonia, Spain and Barnaul, Russia

  Catalonia Barnaul
Legal age for marriage without consent1,14,26 16 years 18 years; 16 years for partners of the same age
Same-sex marriage2 Legal Not legal
% of national population under laws, regulations, and/or policies supporting non-discrimination on grounds of age, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, disability, race/ethnicity, marital status, HIV status, involvement in sex work, and socioeconomic status3,15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25 100% 100%
% of national population under laws, regulations, and/or policies supporting non-discrimination on grounds of:
 Women4,15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22 100% 100%
 Adolescents5,15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21 100% 100%
 People living with HIV/AIDS6,15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 23 100% 100%
 The poor3,15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21 100% 100%
 Men who have sex with men7,15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21 100% 100%
 Women who have sex with women7,15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21 100% 100%
 Transgender7,15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21 100% 100%
 Intersex people7,15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21 100% 100%
 Migrants, indigenous populations8,9,15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 24 100% 100%
 Sex workers3,15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21 100% 100%
 People with disabilities3,15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 25 100% 100%
 Regulation of sex work Prostitution itself is not regulated, but exploitation such as pimping is illegal Not regulated by the Government
 % of national population under formal laws, regulations, and/or policies prohibiting sexual violence10,14,27, 28, 29, 30 , 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40 100% 100%
 Existence of a national law, regulation, policy, and/or strategy to prevent and respond to sexual violence and domestic violence, including intimate partner violence, child abuse, and marital rape11,12,27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40 Yes Yes
 Provision of medical, psychological, and legal support for victims of sexual violence13,27,28,29,30 Yes Yes
 Support services for people with sexual dysfunction Attention to sexual and reproductive health units at primary health care centres Not regulated
  1. 1http://www.congreso.es/public_oficiales/L10/CONG/BOCG/A/BOCG-10-A-112-1.PDF; 2Law 13/2005 that amends the Civil Code regarding the right to contract marriage; 3 Spanish Constitution; article 14 [Equality]; 4Organic Act 3/2007 of 22 March for effective equality between women and men; 5Law 14/2010 of May 27, the rights and opportunities in childhood and adolescent; 6National Agreement to deal with the HIV related stigma and approved on March 6, 2014 the Parliament of Catalonia; 7Law 11/2014, of 10 October, to guarantee the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex people and to eradicate homophobia, biphobia, and transphobia (only in Catalonia); 8Act 10/2010 of the 7th May, on reception for immigrants and returnees to Catalonia; 9In Catalonia, as provided in Instruction 10/2012 of 30 August 2012 of the Government of Catalonia / CatSalut, not regularized immigrants continue to have access to the health system through a one-year renewable permit, which can be applied for if credited 3 months of continued registration in Catalonia and having an income below the Basic Income for Inclusion and Social Protection; 10Organic Act 1/2004 of 28 December on Integrated Protection Measures against Gender Violence; 11 Organic Law 10/1995, of 23 November, Criminal Code; 12Law 5/2008 on the right of women to eradicate sexist violence; 13Protocol for Dealing with Sexist Violence in the Healthcare Field in Cataloniahttp://salutweb.gencat.cat/web/.content/home/ambits_tematics/linies_dactuacio/model_assistencial/ordenacio_cartera_i_serveis_sanitaris/abordatge_de_la_violencia_masclista/documents/arxius/eng_femchist.pdf); 14Article 134 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation; 15Section 2, articles 17-64 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation; 16Article 5.62 of the Administrative Offences Code of the Russian Federation dated by 30.12.2001; 17 Federal Law № 195 (new version of the law dated by 21.07.2014); 18 Article 3 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation; 19 Article 136 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation; 20 Federal Law № 420 (new version of the law dated 07.12.2011); 21Article E of the European social charter ratified by the Federal Law № 101 on 03.06.2009; 22Article 52 of the Federal Law № 323 dated 21.11.2011 (new version of the law dated 21.07.2014); 23 Article 5 of the Federal Law № 38 dated 30.03.1995 (new version of the law dated 28.12.2013 with the amendments dated 04.06.2014); 24 Article 3 and 4 of the Federal Law № 115 dated 25.07.2002 (new version of the law dated 21.07.2014); 25Federal Law № 181 dated 24.11.1995; 26 Article 13 of the Family Code of the Russian Federation; 27 Criminal Code of the Russian Federation; 28 Federal Law № 323 “On fundamental healthcare principles in the Russian Federation” dated 21.11.2011 (new version of the law dated 21.07.2014), articles 1-101; 29 Regulations of the Ministry of Labor of the Russian Federation: Order No 681n of the Ministry of Labor dated 18.11.2013; 30 Regulations of the Government of the Russian Federation: Decree No 995 of the Government of the Russian Federation dated 06.11.2013; 31Article 131 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation; 32 Federal Law № 63 dated 13.06.1996(new version of the law dated 21.07.2014); 33Article 132 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation; 34 Federal Law № 215 dated 27.07.2009; 35 Article 133 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation; 36 Federal Law № 420 dated 07.12.2011; 37 Federal Law № 14 dated 29.02.2012; 38 Article 135 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation; 39 Article 127 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, section 17: Crimes against life, liberty, and dignity of person; 40 Crimes against health: articles 111-125 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation