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Table 2 The relation between demographic, clinical and psychological factors and the burden of diabetes

From: The role of hypoglycemia in the burden of living with diabetes among adults with diabetes and family members: results from the DAWN2 study in The Netherlands

  Adults with diabetes (n = 377) Family members (n = 58)
Model 1 Model 2 Model 1 Model 2
Female gender 1.04 (0.64–1.69) 1.08 (0.65–1.79) 1.24 (0.23–6.87) 1.00 (0.16–6.12)
Age, years 0.98 (0.95–1.01) 0.98 (0.95–1.01) 0.99 (0.94–1.04) 0.98 (0.93–1.03)
High educational level 0.92 (0.53–1.58) 1.09 (0.62–1.94) 0.53 (0.13–2.11) 0.99 (0.21–4.66)
Living alone 1.24 (0.74–2.09) 1.23 (0.71–2.10) NA NA
Working full- or parttime 0.70 (0.39–1.24) 0.66 (0.36–1.20) 1.67 (0.43–6.44) 0.98 (0.22–4.35)
Diabetes duration, years 0.99 (0.97–1.01) 0.99 (0.96–1.01) NA NA
Using insulin 2.45 (1.36–4.41) 2.75 (1.49–5.10) 1.57 (0.37–6.77) 0.86 (0.17–4.35)
Co-morbidities    NA NA
 No Ref Ref   
 One 1.36 (0.79–2.35) 1.36 (0.77–2.38)   
 Two or more 1.00 (0.54–1.86) 1.04 (0.55–1.98)   
Non-severe hypoglycemia in past year     
 None Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Occasional 1.75 (0.95–3.23) 1.33 (0.70–2.52) 1.15 (0.26–5.06) 0.69 (0.13–3.53)
 Frequent 3.55 (1.87–6.76) 2.45 (1.25–4.83) 3.84 (0.65–22.79) 1.52 (0.20–11.34)
Severe hypoglycemia in past year (≥1 event) 2.00 (1.09–3.66) 1.91 (1.02–3.58) 1.51 (0.34–6.78) 2.28 (0.44–11.87)
Worries about hypoglycemia   3.64 (2.18–6.10)   5.07 (1.12–23.00)
  1. NA not applicable/available
  2. Hierarchical logistic regression analyses. Values are OR (95% CI); bold = statistically significant (p < 0.05)