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Table 1 Summary of Canadian municipal zoning bylaws banning fast food drive-through services

From: Adoption and diffusion of zoning bylaws banning fast food drive-through services across Canadian municipalities

Regiona Municipality Bylaw Date of Adoption Partial or Full Ban Adopter-Type
Eastern Toronto, ON Zoning Bylaw No. 569–2013 26-Aug- 2002 Partial Innovator
Eastern Markham, ON Zoning Bylaw Amendment
Bylaw 2003–151
27-May- 2003 Partial Innovator
Eastern Ajax, ON Bylaw Amendment No. 65–2004, to amend Zoning Bylaw No. 95–2003 10-May- 2004 Partial Innovator
Eastern Windsor, ON Bylaw Amendment 375–2004, to amend Zoning Bylaw No. 8600 21-Dec- 2004 Partial Innovator
Eastern London, ON Zoning Bylaw Z.-1–081795 22-Jul- 2008 Partial Early Adopter
Eastern Kingston, ON Bylaw Amendment No. 2015–82, OPA Number 29; amending Restricted Area (Zoning) Bylaw No. 8499 2-Sep-2008 Partial Early Adopter
Eastern Barrie, ON Zoning Bylaw-2009-141 10-Aug-2009 Partial Early Adopter
Eastern Grimsby, ON Zoning Bylaw No. 14–4 3-May-2010 Partial Early Adopter
Eastern Niagara Falls, ON By-law No. 2011–137 14-Nov-2011 Partial Early Adopter
Eastern Hamilton, ON Zoning Bylaw Amendment 11–276 16-Nov-2011 Partial Early Adopter
Eastern Halifax, NS Downtown Halifax Land-Use Bylaw 13-Dec-2011 Partial Early Adopter
Eastern Innisfil, ON Zoning Bylaw Amendment - Bylaw 050–12 18-Apr-2012 Partial Early Adopter
Eastern Caledon, ON Bylaw Amendment No. BL-2012-094, to amend Comprehensive Zoning Bylaw 87,250 14-Aug-2012 Partial Early Adopter
Eastern Fredericton, NB Zoning Bylaw No. Z-5 24-June-2013 Partial Early Adopter
Eastern Saint-Laurent, QC Le Reglement RCA08–08–0001-17 18-Jun-2014 Partial Early Adopter
Eastern The Blue Mountains, ON Official Community Plan, 2014 3-Sep-2014 Partial Early Adopter
Eastern Rosemont-La-Petite-Patrie, QC Amendment of the Planning Regulations Rosemont-Petite-Patrie (01–279); Rosemont-la-Petite-Patrie (01–279-39) 3-Nov-2014 Full Early Adopter
Eastern Mississauga, ON Zoning Bylaw Amendment 0018–2015 11-Feb-2015 Partial Early Adopter
Western Kelowna, BC Zoning Bylaw No. 8964 - Text Amendment No. TA02–0006 18-Mar-2003 Partial Innovator
Western Vancouver, BC Zoning & Development Bylaw No. 3575, 2006 amendments 12-Sep-2006 Partial Innovator
Western Calgary, AB Land Use Bylaw 1P2007 23-July-2007 Partial Early Adopter
Western Ladysmith, BC Bylaw No. 1691 1-Jun- 2009 Full Early Adopter
Western Comox, BC Rezoning Application RZ 09–2; Bylaw No. 1636 21-Oct-2009 Partial Early Adopter
Western Mission, BC Zoning Bylaw 5050–2009 30-Oct-2009 Full Early Adopter
Western Central Saanich, BC Land Use Bylaw Amendment 1667 11-Jan-2010 Full Early Adopter
Western Beaumont, AB Land Use Bylaw 796–12 23-Jan-2013 Partial Early Adopter
Western Nelson, BC Zoning Bylaw No. 3199, 2013 (2014/019) 2-Feb-2014 Full Early Adopter
  1. aEastern region includes the following provinces: Newfoundland & Labrador (NL), Prince Edward Island (PEI), Nova Scotia (NS), New Brunswick (NB), Québec (QC), and Ontario (ON). Western region includes: Manitoba (MB), Saskatchewan (SK), Alberta (AB), and British Columbia (BC). Not all provinces in each region had a ban at the time of this study. There was also no evidence of municipal drive-through bylaws in the northern territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, and Nunavut)