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Table 1 Knowledge and practices in relation to the dengue disease and knowledge of its transmission according to level of education

From: Association between the level of education and knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding dengue in the Caribbean region of Colombia

Dependent variables Total High school graduates Non-high school graduates P value*
Female sex - No (%) 857/1054 (81.3%) 497/614 (80.9%) 360/440 (81.8%) 0.72
Age - Median (RIC) 42 (32–55) 37 (29–48) 51 (38–62) < 0.001
Symptoms recognized as signs of dengue:
 Fever 1014/1053 (96.3%) 604/614 (98.4%) 410/439 (93.4%) < 0.001
 Aches and pains 352/1053 (33.4%) 224/614 (36.5%) 128/439 (29.2%) 0.01
 Headache 474/1053 (45%) 277/614 (45.1%) 197/439 (44.9%) 0.94
 Bone pain 282/1053 (26.8%) 168/614 (27.4%) 114/439 (26%) 0.61
 Pain in the eyes 71/1053 (6.7%) 40/614 (6.5%) 31/439 (7.1%) 0.73
 Sweating 51/1053 (4.8%) 33/614 (5.4%) 18/439 (4.1%) 0.34
 Vomiting 471/1053 (44.7%) 283/614 (46.1%) 188/439 (42.8%) 0.29
 Diarrhea 412/1053 (39.1%) 232/614 (37.8%) 180/439 (41%) 0.29
 Stomach ache 79/1053 (7.5%) 43/614 (7%) 36/439 (8.2%) 0.47
 Rash 94/1053 (8.9%) 61/614 (9.9%) 33/439 (7.5%) 0.17
 Red spots on the skin 116/1053 (11%) 82/614 (13.4%) 34/439 (7.7%) 0.004
 Bleeding gums 127/1053 (12.1%) 80/614 (13%) 47/439 (10.7%) 0.25
 Nosebleed 138/1053 (13.1%) 88/614 (14.3%) 50/439 (11.4%) 0.16
Conduct when a family member has dengue:
 Care at home 26/1053 (2.5%) 15/614 (2.4%) 11/439 (2.5%) 0.95
 Go to the doctor 553/1053 (52.5%) 317/614 (51.6%) 236/439 (53.8%) 0.49
 Go to a health institution 29/1053 (2.8%) 310/614 (50.5%) 231/439 (52.6%) 0.50
 Go to a pharmacy 1/1053 (0.1%) 0/614 (0%) 1/439 (0.2%) 0.24
 Self-medicate 28/1053 (2.7%) 18/614 (2.9%) 10/439 (2.3%) 0.52
In the last month, someone in this family, living at home, at dengue: 28/1048 (2.7%) 17/610 (2.8%) 11/438 (2.5%) 0.79
Knowledge regarding transmission:
Knows how dengue is transmitted 918/1051 (87.3%) 571/613 (93.1%) 347/438 (79.2%) < 0.001
Knows the name of the mosquito 266/1051 (25.3%) 202/613 (33%) 64/438 (14.6%) < 0.001
Knows what the mosquito looks like 395/1052 (37.5%) 266/614 (43.3%) 129/438 (29.5%) < 0.001
Recognizes mosquito larvae 853/1050 (81.2%) 504/614 (82.1%) 349/436 (80%) 0.40
Means where the mosquito is believed to reproduce
 Stagnant water 518/1052 (49.2%) 302/613 (49.3%) 216/439 (49.2%) 0.98
 Clean water 438/1052 (41.6%) 276/613 (45%) 162/439 (36.9%) 0.01
 Rainwater 57/1052 (5.4%) 25/613 (4.1%) 32/439 (7.3%) 0.02
 Dirty water 194/1052 (18.4%) 104/613 (17%) 90/439 (20.5%) 0.14
 Drain water 41/1052 (3.9%) 19/613 (3.1%) 22/439 (5%) 0.11
  1. *p-value was obtained by using the Chi square test for categorical variables. For the age variable, the p-value was obtained using the Mann-Whitney test