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Table 3 Unadjusted and adjusted maternal factors associated with HIV positive sero-status

From: Factors associated with HIV positive sero-status among exposed infants attending care at health facilities: a cross sectional study in rural Uganda

Characteristics Number Positive Un adjusted OR (95% CI) P-value Adjusted OR (95% CI) P-value AOR
Place of delivery
 Health facility-Public & PNFP 368 11 1    
 Outside health facility 91 16 6.9(3.089-15.517) <0.001* 5.1(1.038-24.742) 0.045*
 Private clinics 34 5 5.9(1.820-17.198) 0.003   
ART Adherencea
 Good 367 18 1    
 Fair 28 1 0.72(0.092 - 5.585) 0.752   
 Poor 28 4 3.23(1.013-10.304) 0.047 4.5(0.411-49.398) 0.218
WHO staging at enrollmenta
 I 311 19 1    
 II 94 7 1.23(0.503-3.038) 0.64   
 III 44 3 1.12(0.319-3.97) 0.85   
 IV 2 0     
Gestation age at ART/prophylaxisa
 1st trimester:1 – 12weeks 26 1 1    
 2nd trimester:13 – 28weeks 78 1 0.3(0.019-5.383) 0.432   
 3rd trimester: 29 -40weeks 35 2 1.5(0.129-17.664) 0.74   
Duration on ART before delivery
 >6 months 155 1 1    
 <6 months 192 7 5.7 (0.688 - 46.423) 0.107 4.1(0.471-35.775) 0.201
Mother care status at child final testing
 Active on treatment /Referrals 391 22 1   1  
 Dead/Lost 28 5 3.6 (1.265 - 10.508) 0.017*   
 Missed appointment/Stopped treatment 41 2 0.8 (0.194 - 3.796) 0.842 2.4(0.401-14.448) 0.336
 Information not documented 30 3 1.7 (0.474 - 5.927) 0.422   
Appointments kepta
 Yes 347 17 1    
 No 106 8 1.5 (0.663 - 3.782) 0.300   
CD4a
 <350 38 2 1    
 350 - 499 12 1 1.6 (0.135 - 19.808) 0.699   
 >500 cells 25 3 2.5 (0.379 - 15.864) 0.346   
Treatment supportera
 Yes 360 24 1    
 No 57 1 0.3 (0.033 - 1.885) 0.179   
 Not documented 48 2 0.6 (0.139 - 2.66.0) 0.509   
Linkage to home based care
 Yes 179 12 1    
 No 111 5 0.65 (0.224 - 1.916) 0.441   
 Not documented 179 11 0.9 (0.391 - 2.122) 0.829   
  1. *p<0.05, aN less than 493 because of missing values during data collection