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Table 4 Mean dietary pattern scores by socioeconomic status in the ABCD cohort (n = 2769)

From: Ethnicity and socioeconomic status are related to dietary patterns at age 5 in the Amsterdam born children and their development (ABCD) cohort

Dietary pattern Low SES Middle SES High SES P value
Mean SE Mean SE Mean SE ANOVA
Snacking
 Model 1: Crude 0.864 0.052a 0.171 0.030a −0.297 0.024a <0.01
 Model 2: Ethnicity 0.590 0.054a 0.137 0.029a −0.216 0.024a <0.01
 Model 3: Fully adjusted 0.591 0.054a 0.134 0.029a −0.214 0.024a <0.01
Full-fat
 Model 1: Crude −0.179 0.056b −0.026 0.032 0.055 0.026c <0.01
 Model 2: Ethnicity −0.217 0.060b −0.028 0.032 0.065 0.027c <0.01
 Model 3: Fully adjusted −0.213 0.060b −0.025 0.032 0.061 0.027c <0.01
Meat
 Model 1: Crude 0.229b 0.056 0.098 0.032b −0.114 0.026a <0.01
 Model 2: Ethnicity 0.242 0.060b 0.096 0.032b −0.115 0.026a <0.01
 Model 3: Fully adjusted 0.231 0.060b 0.093 0.032b −0.111 0.026a <0.01
Healthy
 Model 1: Crude 0.217 0.056a 0.004 0.032c −0.049 0.026c <0.01
 Model 2: Ethnicity 0.025 0.059 −0.019 0.031 0.008 0.026 0.716
 Model 3: Fully adjusted 0.043 0.059 −0.019 0.031 0.003 0.026 0.618
  1. SES was based on maternal educational: low SES (<6y), middle SES (6-10y) and high SES (>10y) post-primary education.
  2. Mean, SE pattern scores per dietary pattern by socioeconomic group.
  3. Mean pattern scores for the total group was set to 0.000, based on PCA method.
  4. Model 1: unadjusted.
  5. Model 2: adjusted for ethnicity.
  6. Model 3: adjusted for ethnicity, age, gender and maternal age.
  7. Sign (P < 0.01) is based on ANOVA and Post-hoc Bonferroni.
  8. asign with all groups
  9. bsign with high SES group
  10. csign with low SES group