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Table 3 Mean dietary pattern scores by ethnicity in the ABCD cohort (n = 2769)

From: Ethnicity and socioeconomic status are related to dietary patterns at age 5 in the Amsterdam born children and their development (ABCD) cohort

Dietary pattern Dutch Surinamese Turkish Moroccan other ethnicities P value
Mean SE Mean SE Mean SE Mean SE Mean SE ANOVA
Snacking
 Model 1: Crude −0.171 0.019a 0.797 0.086b,d 1.363 0.118a 0.819 0.087b,d 0.626 0.066b,d <0.01
 Model 2: SES −0.124 0.019a 0.576 0.084b 0.998 0.117b,e,f 0.516 0.087b,d 0.491 0.064b,d <0.01
 Model 3: Fully adjusted −0.122 0.019a 0.567 0.084b 0.987 0.119b,e,f 0.505 0.089b,d 0.485 0.064b,d <0.01
Full-fat
 Model 1: Crude −0.003 0.021 −0.127 0.093 0.283 0.128e −0.247 0.094d,f 0.167 0.071e <0.01
 Model 2: SES −0.019 0.021 −0.054 0.094 0.409 0.131e −0.146 0.097d 0.212 0.072 <0.01
 Model 3: Fully adjusted −0.021 0.021d −0.054 0.094 0.433 0.132b,e −0.136 0.099d 0.217 0.072 <0.01
Meat
 Model 1: Crude −0.020 0.021c 0.589 0.092a −0.088 0.127c −0.001 0.094c −0.088 0.071c <0.01
 Model 2: SES 0.002 0.021c 0.484 0.093a −0.253 0.130c −0.143 0.096c −0.152 0.071c <0.01
 Model 3: Fully adjusted 0.007 0.021c 0.469 0.093a −0.297 0.131c −0.182 0.098c −0.157 0.071c <0.01
Healthy
 Model 1: Crude −0.085 0.020d,e,f 0.023 0.091d,e,f 0.602 0.125b,c 0.660 0.092b,c 0.415 0.070b,c <0.01
 Model 2: SES −0.085 0.021d,e,f 0.023 0.092d,e,f 0.597 0.129b,c 0.659 0.095b,c 0.415 0.071b,c <0.01
 Model 3: Fully adjusted −0.089 0.021d,e,f 0.033 0.092d,e,f 0.645 0.130b,c 0.703 0.097b,c 0.414 0.070b,c <0.01
  1. Ethnicity was based on the country of birth of the pregnant woman and her mother including both first-generation women and second generation women.
  2. Mean, SE pattern score per dietary pattern by ethnicity.
  3. Mean pattern scores for the total group was set to 0.000 based on PCA method.
  4. Model 1: unadjusted.
  5. Model 2: adjusted for SES.
  6. Model 3: adjusted for SES, age, gender and maternal age.
  7. Sign (P < 0.01) is based on ANOVA and Post-hoc Bonferroni.
  8. asign with all groups
  9. bsign with Dutch
  10. csign with Surinamese
  11. dsign with Turkish
  12. esign with Moroccan
  13. fsign with other ethnicities