Skip to main content

Table 2 Relationship between child factors, maternal factors, household factors, community factors and birth registrations, Lao PDR (n = 9576)

From: Socioeconomic determinants of accessibility to birth registration in Lao PDR

  Birth registration  
Independent factors Yes No Pa
   n (%) n (%)
Child factors
Child sex
  Male 3580 73.7 1276 26.3 0.174
  Female 3537 74.9 1183 25.1  
Child ageb (months)      
  0–11 1222 60.4 796 39.4 <0.001
  12–23 1406 74.0 494 26.0  
  24–35 1410 76.4 436 23.6  
  36–47 1589 80.7 379 19.3  
  48–59 1490 80.8 354 19.2  
Maternal factors
Maternal ageb (years)
  15–19 443 65.4 234 34.6 <0.001
  20–29 4041 74.5 1386 25.5  
  30–39 2179 76.1 686 23.9  
  40–49 454 74.8 153 25.2  
Marital status      
  Never 30 71.4 12 28.6 0.667
  Married 7083 74.3 2447 25.7  
  Divorced 2 100.0 0 0.0  
  Widowed 2 100.0 0 0.0  
Maternal educational attainmentb
  No education 2229 66.3 1131 33.7 <0.001
  Primary 2969 75.1 982 24.9  
  Secondary 1738 83.9 334 16.1  
  Higher 181 93.8 12 6.2  
Ever given birth
  Yes 7105 74.3 2458 25.7 0.137
  No 12 92.3 1 7.7  
Ever experienced loss of a childb
  Yes 1703 69.2 759 30.8 <0.001
  No 5414 76.1 1700 23.9  
Household factors
Father’s educational attainmentb
  No education 1015 66.6 510 33.4 <0.001
  Primary 3094 71.1 1257 28.9  
  Secondary 2575 79.6 658 20.4  
  Higher 433 92.7 34 7.3  
Ethnicity of HHHb
  Lao 2911 83.2 588 16.8 <0.001
  Khmu 1056 79.8 268 20.2  
  Khmer 764 57.1 575 42.9  
  Other 2386 69.9 1028 30.1  
Ethno-linguistics of HHHb
  Lao-Thai 3472 81.1 808 18.9 <0.001
  Mon-Khmer 2482 73.9 878 26.1  
  Hmong-Mien 805 57.6 593 42.4  
  Chinese-Tibetan 358 66.5 180 33.5  
Religion of HHHb      
  Buddhist 3576 81.4 815 18.6 <0.001
  Animist 3447 68.1 1616 31.9  
  Other 94 77.0 28 23.0  
Wealth index quintilesb
  Poorest 2186 66.9 1079 33.1 <0.001
  2nd quintile 1546 69.4 683 30.6  
  3rd quintile 1336 77.7 384 22.3  
  4th quintile 1077 81.7 241 18.3  
  Wealthiest 972 93.1 72 6.9  
Community factors
Regionb
  North 2558 67.2 1249 32.8 <0.001
  Central 2569 80.4 627 19.6  
  South 1990 77.3 583 22.7  
Settlementb
  Urban 1528 88.4 200 11.6 <0.001
  Rural w/ road 4926 72.8 1836 27.2  
  Rural w/o road 663 61.0 423 39.0  
Total 7117 74.3 2459 25.7  
  1. HHH: head of household
  2. aP-value was calculated for chi square tests (categorical variables)
  3. bCorrelation between the independent variable and birth registration/birth certificate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level, and the variable was included in further logistic regression analyses