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Table 4 Physical and leisure activities assessed at baseline and 4-year follow-up post-intervention in the intervention and control groups

From: Follow-up of a healthy lifestyle education program (the EdAl study): four years after cessation of randomized controlled trial intervention

  Intervention group Control group  
Baseline,
n (%)
4-year follow-up post-intervention, n (%) p-value baseline to follow-upb Baseline,
n (%)
4-year follow-up post-intervention, n (%) p-value baseline to follow-upb p-value intervention vs. control changesc
TV and/or video games, h/day
  ≤ 2 h/day Boys 120 (90.9) 113 (72.0) 0.002 34 (81.0) 47 (78.3) 0.754 0.084
Girls 117 (91.4) 118 (74.7) 0.002 58 (85.3) 49 (73.1) 0.109 0.919
Total 237 (91.2) 231 (73.3) <0.001 92 (83.6) 96 (75.6) 0.115 0.268
After-school physical activity, h/week
  ≥ 4 h/week Boys 41 (31.1) 92 (57.9) <0.001 10 (24.4) 22 (36.7) 0.388 0.111
Girls 27 (21.6) 59 (37.6) 0.004 13 (19.7) 22 (31.9) 0.049 0.852
Total 68 (26.5) 151 (47.8) <0.001 23 (21.5) 44 (34.1) 0.024 0.174
  1. Bold text indicates significant p-values
  2. The 4-year follow-up post-intervention measurements were conducted over the 2014 academic year in Reus (intervention group) and in Cambrils, Salou and Vila-seca (control group)
  3. aPhysical activity and the number of TV hours were analyzed at baseline and at 4-year follow-up post-intervention
  4. bMcNemar’s test
  5. cFisher’s exact test of differences between the intervention and control changes