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Table 2 Characteristics of Participating Students in the Survey (n = 5100)a

From: Association between lifestyle factors and suboptimal health status among Chinese college freshmen: a cross-sectional study

Participant Characteristics n (%) or mean ± SD
Age in Years 21.7 ± 3.6
Age Group (years)
 15–19 2261 (44.3)
 20–24 2164 (42.4)
 25 and above 675 (13.3)
Gender
 Male 1768 (34.7)
 Female 3321 (65.3)
Ethnicity
 Han 4606 (90.9)
 Other 460 (9.1)
Student Type
 Bachelor’s candidates 2253 (44.3)
 Master’s candidates 2361 (46.4)
 Doctoral candidates 475 (9.3)
Area
 Rural 1309 (25.9)
 Urban 3751 (74.1)
Health Status (range from 0–100) 73.13 ± 9.47
 Health 2728 (52.4)
 Suboptimal health 2481 (47.6)
Physiological Health Status (range from 0–100) 78.79 ± 9.69
 Health 4586 (90.7)
 Suboptimal health 468 (9.2)
Psychological Health Status (range from 0–100) 67.57 ± 12.10
 Health 4640 (91.7)
 Suboptimal health 4422 (8.3)
Social Health Status (range from 0–100) 71.25 ± 12.49
 Health 4417 (87.2)
 Suboptimal health 646 (12.8)
Sleep Quality Index (range from 0 to 12) 9.75 ± 1.49
Physical Activity (range from 0 to 12) 5.16 ± 1.92
Usage of Electronic Devices (range from 0 to 11) 6.59 ± 1.86
Nutrition Status (range from 0–27) 17.96 ± 3.16
Usage of Tobacco
 No 4895 (96.0)
 Yes 201 (4.0)
Usage of Alcohol
 No 2820 (55.3)
 Yes 2276 (44.7)
Losing Weight
 No 2425 (47.7)
 Yes 2663 (52.3)
  1. aTotal may not add up to 5100 due to missing data