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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of Cambodian male youth who have or have not paid for sex in the last year (n = 405)

From: Youth paying for sex: what are the associated factors? Findings from a cross-sectional study in Cambodia

Socio-demographic characteristics Having paid for sex (n = 334) Not having paid for sex (n = 71)  
Number (%) Number (%) P-value*
Have ever paid for sex (n = 405) 334 (82.5) 71 (17.5)  
Mean age (in years) (±SD) 21.2 (± 2.1) 21.4 (± 2.3) 0.50
Age 18 and above    0.009
 Yes 324 (97.0) 64 (90.1)  
 No 10 (3.0) 7 (9.9)  
Location surveyed    <0.001
 Urban 252 (75.5) 40 (56.3)  
 Rural 82 (25.6) 41 (43.7)  
Marital status    <0.001
 Married 18 (5.4) 17 (23.9)  
 Never married 313 (93.7) 49 (69.0)  
 Divorced or separated 1 (0.3) 2 (4.2)  
 Living with sexual partner 2 (0.6) 3 (4.2)  
Province surveyed    <0.001
 Phnom Penh 93 (27.9) 7 (9.9)  
 Battambang 25 (7.5) 3 (4.2)  
 Kampong Cham 30 (9.0) 17 (23.9)  
 Siem Reap 40 (12.0) 8 (11.3)  
 Bantey Mean Chey 20 (6.0) 1 (1.4)  
 Svay Rieng 27 (8.1) 6 (8.5)  
 Koh Kong 62 (18.6) 13 (18.3)  
 Preah Sihanouk 36 (10.8) 16 (22.5)  
Mean years of formal schooling (±SD) 9.9 (±3.9) 9.2 (±3.6) 0.21
Completed primary school 266 (79.6) 52 (73.2) 0.23
Currently enrolled in school 116 (34.7) 20 (28.2) 0.28
Occupation    0.80
 Unemployed 31 (14.5) 10 (18.5)  
 Seller/vendor/trader 145 (67.8) 36 (66.7)  
 Manual/laborer 2 (0.9) 1 (1.9)  
 Farmer 6 (2.8) 0 (0.0)  
 Factory worker 4 (1.9) 1 (1.9)  
 Other 26 (12.2) 6 (11.1)  
Having an income    0.18
 Yes 222 (66.5) 53 (74.7)  
 No 112 (33.4) 18 (25.3)  
If yes, mean monthly income (USD) (± SD) 267.6 (±454.1) 228.6 (±73.2) 0.07
Mean daily expenses in the past month (USD) (±SD) 2.43 (±2.0) 3.46 (±6.4) 0.02
  1. Abbreviations: SD standard deviation, USD United States Dollar
  2. *Chi-square test or Fisher’s exact test was used as appropriate for categorical variables and t-test was used categorical variables