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Table 4 Factors affecting lifetime illegal drug use and illegal use of prescription drugs

From: Prevalence and correlates of substance use among health care students in Nepal: a cross sectional study

Independent variables Illegal drug use Illegal use of prescription drug
Odds CI Odds CI
Age group (years)
 16–20 0.36* 0.05, 2.19 1.87 0.87, 4.02
 21–25 0.17 0.03, 0.86 1.43 0.71, 2.88
  > 25 1.00   1.00  
Gender
 Male 2.77 0.49,15.47 0.67 0.35, 1.29
 Female 1.00   1.00  
Faculty
 Pharmacy 0.85 0.27, 2.60 0.94 0.52, 1.67
 Nursing 0.70 0.09, 5.27 1.91 0.99, 3.72
 Public Health 1.00   1.00  
Active participation in religion
 Yes 0.94 0.35, 2.47 1.23 0.79, 1.93
 No 1.00   1.00  
Alcohol problem in family
 Yes 0.79 0.23, 2.70 0.97 0.56, 1.67
 No 1.00   1.00  
Drug problem in family
 Yes 0.30 0.04, 1.92 1.94 0.68, 5.49
 No 1.00   1.00  
Offer of alcoholic beverage by friends
 Yes 4.28* 1.01, 18.02 1.005 0.60, 1.67
 No 1.00   1.00  
Offer of any psychoactive drugs by friends
 Yes 5.77* 1.25, 26.49 1.21 0.48, 3.04
 No 1.00   1.00  
Offer of alcohol by pharmaceutical company
 Yes 1.22 0.40, 3.75 1.21 0.66, 2.22
 No 1.00   1.00  
Experience of working with coworker or colleague who accepted self-medication with psychoactive drug
 Yes 1.49 0.43, 5.19 1.56 0.77, 3.14
 No 1.00   1.00  
Heavy drinking during lifetime
 Yes 2.69* 1.04, 6.95 1.81* 1.08, 3.03
 No 1.00   1.00  
Cigarette smoking during lifetime
 Yes 10.33** 3.46, 30.79 1.87* 1.04, 3.36
 No 1.00   1.00  
  1. *p < .05, **p < .01, Logistic regression adjusted for age, gender, faculty, and participation in religion, family history of alcohol and drug problems. Variables were entered simultaneously in the model and significant results are denoted in bold fonts