Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographic characteristics and previous encounters with cigarette, alcohol, and drugs (N = 407)

From: Prevalence and correlates of substance use among health care students in Nepal: a cross sectional study

Demographic variables Total
(N = 407)
n (%)
Pharmacy students
(n = 154)
n (%)
Nursing students
(n = 159)
n (%)
Public health students
(n = 94)
n (%)
P value a
Age group (years)
 16–20 143 (35.1) 67 (43.5) 37 (23.3) 39 (41.5) <.01
21–25 215 (52.8) 83 (53.9) 83 (52.2) 49 (52.1)
  > 25 49 (12.0) 4 (2.6) 39 (24.5) 6 (6.4)
Sex
 Male 154 (37.8) 104 (67.5) 50 (53.2) <.01
 Female 253 (62.2) 50 (32.5) 159 (100) 44 (46.8)
Active participation in religion
 Yes 255 (62.7) 86 (55.8) 107 (67.3) 62 (66.0) .08
 No 152 (37.3) 68 (44.2) 52 (32.7) 32 (34.0)
Family history of alcohol abuse problem
 Yes 84 (20.6) 27 (17.5) 37 (23.3) 20 (21.3) .44
 No 323 (79.4 1247(82.5) 122(76.7) 74 (78.7)
Family history of drug abuse problem
 Yes 24 (5.9) 9 (5.8) 6 (3.8) 9 (9.6) .16
 No 383 (94.1) 145 (94.2) 153 (96.2) 85 (90.4)
Offer of alcoholic beverage by friends
 Yes 187 (45.9) 85 (55.2) 46 (28.9) 56 (59.6) <.01
 No 220 (54.1) 69 (44.8) 113 (71.1) 38 (40.4)
Offer of alcohol by pharmaceutical company
 Yes 62 (15.2) 29 (18.8) 24 (15.1) 9 (9.6) .14
 No 345 (84.8) 125 (81.2) 135 (84.9) 85 (90.4)
Offer of drugs by friends
 Yes 24 (5.9) 12 (7.8) 5 (3.1) 7 (7.4) .16
 No 383 (94.1 142 (92.2) 154 (96.9) 87 (92.6)
Experience of working with coworker or colleague who accepted themselves as self- medication
 Yes 43 (10.6) 23 (14.9) 9 (5.7) 11 (11.7) .02
 No 364 (89.4) 131 (85.1) 150 (94.3) 83 (88.3)
Drinking 5 or more at one sitting in one occasion
 Yes 106 (26) 52 (33.8) 28 (17.6) 26 (27.7) <.01
 No 301 (74) 102 (66.2) 131 (82.4) 68 (72.3)
Cigarette smoking during lifetime
 Yes 88 (21.6) 47 (30.5) 20 (12.6) 21 (22.3) <.01
 No 319 (78.4) 107 (69.5) 139 (87.4) 73 (77.7)
  1. aBased on Chi-square test among three groups (pharmacy, nursing and public health students)