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Table 1 General description of the study sample (in percentages, means and SD), men and women

From: Investigating the associations between productive housework activities, sleep hours and self-reported health among elderly men and women in western industrialised countries

  Men (15,333) Women (20,907)
  Mean / % SD Mean / % SD
Sociodemographic and economic factors     
Age 72.39 5.06 73.19 5.21
65–69 35.7%   31.0%  
70–74 28.3%   26.3%  
75–79 20.0%   20.7%  
80+ 16.1%   22.0%  
Education     
Incomplete Sec. or less 49.6%   58.3%  
Secondary completed 30.1%   28.3%  
Tertiary Completed or above 20.3%   13.3%  
Land tenure     
Renting 22.5%   26.8%  
Owner occupier 77.5%   73.2%  
Employment Status     
Not working for pay 91.0%   95.3%  
Currently in paid employment 9.0%   4.7%  
Household size 2.20 1.02 1.89 1.08
1 member 18.2%   41.6%  
2 members 59.1%   41.3%  
3+ members 22.8%   17.1%  
Time use Activity     
Cleaning, cooking & shopping mins/day 84.74 97.02 217.88 139.45
0 min 27.4%   7.2%  
>0 to 60 27.4%   9.7%  
>60 to 120 18.2%   11.4%  
>120 26.9%   71.8%  
Gardening and maintenance mins/day 68.56 109.37 38.54 77.43
0 min 50.4%   59.2%  
>0 to 60 17.4%   21.4%  
>60 to 120 11.0%   9.3%  
>120 21.2%   10.2%  
Childcare mins/day 1.41 15.02 2.07 19.59
0 min 98.3%   97.7%  
>0 to 60 1.0%   1.2%  
>60 to 120 0.3%   0.5%  
>120 0.4%   0.5%  
Total Housework hours/day 3.09 2.65 4.72 2.71
Less than 1 26.4%   10.0%  
1 to 3 27.1%   16.4%  
>3 to 6 31.9%   42.8%  
>6 14.7%   30.8%  
Sleep hours/day 9.43 2.07 9.34 2.10
less than 7 6.7%   6.9%  
>7 to 8 17.4%   18.2%  
>8 75.9%   75.0%