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Table 2 Observed activities during observational scans, self-reported activities and self-reported postures and affordances for the landscape

From: ‘The End of Sitting’ in a public space: observations of spontaneous visitors

  N (%)a
Observed activities Benches Landscape
 Eating or drinking 233 (49.9) 10 (23.3)
 Interaction device 212 (45.4) 32 (74.4)
 Interaction others 309 (66.2) 31 (72.1)
 Reading/writing paper 50 (10.7) 3 (7.0)
 General leisure 11 (2.4) 0.0
Self-reported activitiesb
 Drinking (Coffee) 80 (33.9) 6 (10.7)
 Eating / having lunch 61 (25.8) 3 (5.4)
 Interaction with phone 76 (32.2) 9 (16.1)
 Using a laptop / tablet 45 (19.1) 10 (17.9)
 Chatting with others 109 (46.2) 23 (41.1)
 Reading / writing paper 13 (5.5) 5 (8.9)
 Waiting for someone 57 (24.2) 11 (19.6)
 Other 14 (5.9) 10 (17.8)
Self-reported posturesb
 Sitting   14 (25.0)
 Standing   33 (58.9)
 Laying down   4 (7.1)
 Leaning against   39 (69.6)
 Squatting   6 (10.7)
Affordances ‘This landscape invites to’b
 Sit in   13 (23.2)
 Stand in   20 (35.6)
 Lay down   2 (3.6)
 Change posture   17 (30.4)
 Climb   13 (23.2)
 Change location   7 (12.5)
 Lean against   31 (55.4)
Affordances ‘This landscape is most suitable to’b
 Study / read   16 (28.6)
 Use a phone   18 (32.1)
 Have a break   33 (58.9)
 Have a meeting   16 (28.6)
 Brainstorm   19 (33.9)
 Eat / drink   11 (19.6)
 Use tablet / laptop   11 (19.6)
  1. aIn brackets the percentage of within groups are shown
  2. bVisitors were able to give multiple answers to this question