Cardiometabolic outcomes

N

β 95% CI

ICC Null.

ICC Adj.


Body Mass Index

5971

0.010 0.019 to −0.002

0.042

0.027

Waist circumference

5697

0.031 0.054 to −0.008

0.031

0.018

Systolic blood pressure

5883

0.030 0.063 to +0.004

0.016

0.009

Diastolic blood pressure

5883

0.028 0.047 to −0.008

0.018

0.011

Resting heart rate

5922

0.026 0.046 to −0.005

^{b}

^{b}

Recreational walking^{a}

5987

+0.73 + 0.37 to +1.10

0.008

^{b}


Abbreviations: ICC Null Intraclass Correlation Coefficient for the null model (only age and gender), ICC Adj Intraclass Correlation Coefficient, after adjustment for Walk Score and individual, neighborhood factors, and risk factors of the cardiometabolic outcomes (except recreational walking). Walk score was expressed as a continuous score ranging from 0 to 100 in the residential neighborhood. The variables of BMI (in kg/m^{2}), waist circumference (in centimeter), recreational walking (in minutes/week of walking), and resting heart rate (in beats/min) were expressed as continuous variables. SBP and DBP (in mmHg) were expressed as continuous variables with 10 mmHg added to the observed SBP values and with 3.24 mmHg added to the observed DBP values for the participants on antihypertensive treatment. Multilevel linear regression models were estimated after excluding individuals with missing values for Walk Score, for census block group neighborhoods, and for each cardiometabolic outcome

^{a}Multilevel linear regression models were estimated after adjusting for individual and neighborhood variables ^{b}In certain models, the betweenneighborhood variance could not be estimated after adjustment, possibly due to the very low level of clustering