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Table 1 Respondents’ characteristics and environmental factors

From: Do objective neighbourhood characteristics relate to residents’ preferences for certain sports locations? A cross-sectional study using a discrete choice modelling approach

  Total study population Non-sports participants Sports participants
   Public space Sports club Other sports facility
(N = 1,201) (N = 383) (N = 313) (N = 211) (N = 294)
Socio-demographical factors
Age (in years)
Mean (SD) 51.3 (15.5) 52.8 (15.1) 51.9 (15.1) 47.9 (17.3) 51.1 (14.9)
Female (%) 54.3 54.8 46.6 53.1 62.6
Education (%)
 Low 15.9 24.5 11.8 9.5 13.6
 Middle 37.4 41.0 31.9 37.9 38.1
 High 46.7 34.5 56.2 52.6 48.3
Employed (%) 55.2 48.0 58.8 59.2 57.8
Children living at home (%) 32.2 31.6 27.8 41.7 31.0
Neighbourhood characteristics
Municipality (%)
 Amsterdam 12.5 14.6 16.3 8.1 8.8
 Utrecht 10.7 8.6 10.9 10.9 12.9
 Alphen aan den Rijn 20.0 19.3 15.7 22.7 23.5
 Heerlen 18.2 22.2 13.7 11.8 22.4
 Berkelland 16.8 14.9 19.5 19.4 14.6
 Roerdalen 21.8 20.4 24.0 27.0 17.7
Proportions of land use* Median % (IQR)
 Roads 3.7 (2.6) 3.6 (2.6) 3.6 (2.6) 3.7 (2.7) 3.9 (3.0)
 Green space 47.4 (49.6) 68.5 (44.1) 46.6 (57.1) 46.0 (54.3) 40.7 (54.8)
 Blue space 1.9 (5.1) 0.5 (1.1) 3.6 (7.2) 3.5 (5.1) 3.9 (6.3)
 Facilities 2.6 (5.8) 1.7 (4.0) 2.6 (7.6) 3.1 (6.7) 3.4 (6.9)
Sports facilities* (N) 34.0 (46.0) 15.0 (33.0) 35.0 (58.0) 37.0 (56.0) 43.5 (57.0)
Urban density (%)
 Rural 47.1 44.9 49.2 54.0 42.9
 Hardly – moderately urbanized 13.6 12.3 13.1 14.2 15.3
 Strongly – extremely urbanized 39.3 42.8 37.7 31.8 41.8
Neighbourhood safety (%)
 Below national average (< −-0.05) 32.8 38.9 31.3 23.7 33.0
 About national average (< −-0.049 – 0.049) 20.0 17.2 19.8 18.5 24.8
 Above national average (> 0.05) 47.2 43.9 48.9 57.8 42.2
Neighbourhood SES status (%)
 Below national average (< −-1) 20.5 27.2 16.0 13.7 21.4
 About national average (−-0.99– – 0.99) 61.2 58.0 63.6 68.7 57.5
 Above national average (> 1) 18.3 14.9 20.4 17.5 21.1
  1. Note: SD = Standard Deviation. SES = Socio-economic Status. *Calculated for a 2,000 metre buffer around the centre of the 4 digit postal codes that correspond to adults’ home addresses. SES = Socio-economic Status