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Table 8 Associations of the covariates with the outcome mesures

From: Social and health outcomes following upgrades to a national housing standard: a multilevel analysis of a five-wave repeated cross-sectional survey

  Housing satisfaction Housing satisfaction Housing quality Thermal comfort Household finances Mental health Respiratory health General health
  Suitability of housing [B (SE)] Satisfaction with state of repair [B (SE)] Any. building problems [B (SE)] Thermal comfort [B (SE)] Costs of living in home [B (SE)] Difficulties paying bills [B (SE)] Mental health [B (SE)] Any respiratory symptoms [B (SE)] Good health [B (SE)]
Male −0.013 (0.084) −0.046 (0.030) −0.127 (0.054)* 0.037 (0.028) −0.043 (0.029) −0.137 (0.061)* 2.410 (0.576)*** −0.039 (0.055) 0.059 (0.058)
Age 36–45 0.196 (0.116) −0.060 (0.053) −0.001 (0.105) 0.130 (0.049)** 0.101 (0.051)* −0.027 (0.096) −7.338 (1.002)*** 0.191 (0.098)* −0.835 (0.106)***
Age 46–54 0.529 (0.125)*** −0.209 (0.053)*** −0.397 (0.101)*** 0.249 (0.050)*** 0.037 (0.051) --0.216 (0.097)* −6.403 (1.013)*** 0.313 (0.098) −1.554 (0.108)***
Age 55–64 0.734 (0.130)*** −0.375 (0.052)*** −0.507 (0.098)*** 0.405 (0.049)*** −0.153 (0.050)** −0.570 (0.099)*** −3.346 (1.007)*** 0.503 (0.098)** −1.801 (0.107)***
Age 65+ 1.073 (0.168)*** −0.628 (0.060)*** −0.992 (0.112)*** 0.601 (0.051)*** −0.443 (0.059)*** −1.115 (0.121)*** 1.659 (1.180) 0.451 (0.113)*** −2.049 (0.125)***
Not working 0.358 (0.108)*** −0.005 (0.043) −0.087 (0.082) 0.035 (0.040) 0.028 (0.032) 0.258 (0.084)** −12.051 (0.823)*** 0.192 (0.080)* −1.547 (0.088)***
Retired 0.344 (0.170)* −0.197 (0.057)*** −0.366 (0.105)*** 0.154 (0.053)** −0.122 (0.056)* −0.048 (0.119) −3.175 (1.113)** −0.077 (0.107) −0.630 (0.114)***
No qualification 0.289 (0.084)*** −0.219 (0.031)*** −0.309 (0.057***) 0.182 (0.029)*** −0.194 (0.030)*** −0.122 (0.062) 0.980 (0.593) −0.388 (0.098) −0.213 (0.059)***
Housing benefits −0.108 (0.096) −0.009 (0.033) −0.039 (0.062) 0.097 (0.031)** 0.028 (0.032) 0.536 (0.072)*** −3.739 (0.650)*** 0.092 (0.062) −0.230 (0.065)***
WIMD 0.210 (0.042)*** −0.031 (0.016) −0.006 (0.028) 0.056 (0.015) 0.018 (0.015) −0.099 (0.031)** 1.050 (0.311)*** −0.090 (0.028)** 0.045 (0.030)
Current smoker −0.184 (0.092)* 0.251 (0.034)*** 0.339 (0.062)*** −0.238 (0.032)*** 0.392 (0.033)*** 0.473 (0.031)*** −3.515 (0.648)*** 0.463 (0.062***) −0.232 (0.067)***
Past smoker −0.295 (0.100)** 0.236 (0.034)*** 0.480 (0.063)*** −0.179 (0.034)*** 0.377 (0.033)*** 0.190 (0.073)** −0.403 (0.666) 0.563 (0.064)*** −0.289 (0.067)***
Year 0.050 (0.016)*** −0.058 (0.006)*** −0.009 (0.011) 0.079 (0.005)*** −0.076 (0.006)*** −0.085 (0.012)*** 0.657 (0.109)*** −0.127 (0.011)*** −0.002 (0.011)
  1. *p < .05, **p < .01, ***p < .001