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Table 4 Outcome measures for the five surveys (%)

From: Social and health outcomes following upgrades to a national housing standard: a multilevel analysis of a five-wave repeated cross-sectional survey

Outcome measure 2009 (n = 2075) 2011 (n = 2219) 2012 (n = 2015) 2014 (n = 1991) 2016 (n = 1709)
Housing suitability, satisfaction, and quality
Housing considered suitable 73 85 85 86 87
Satisfaction with state of repair Very satisfied 25 36 34 42 48
Fairly satisfied 37 33 36 32 26
Neither/nor 12 10 9 7 7
Dissatisfied 12 12 11 9 11
Very dissatisfied 11 8 8 8 8
Any building problems   59 53 51 57 57
Thermal comfort and household finances
Mean thermal satisfaction (SD) Scale: 1–5 3.6 (1.3) 3.8 (1.3) 3.8 (1.2) 3.9 (1.3) 4.0 (1.3)
Meeting costs of living in home Very easy 7 28 27 23 30
Fairly easy 26 35 35 38 29
Neither/nor 29 16 17 15 20
Fairly difficult 23 12 12 16 15
Very difficult 12 7 8 9 5
Difficulties paying bills   27 30 30 28 17
Mental, respiratory, and general health
Mean mental health score (SD) Scale: 0–100 62.2 (23.8) 66.5 (23.8) 67.2 (23.7) 67.3 (23.6) 66.6 (25.12)
Any respiratory symptoms 76 66 60 62 60
Good health   41 41 40 41 39
  1. Note: the percentages in the table may not always add up to 100% due to rounding and missing values