Skip to main content

Table 2 Crude and adjusted associations between infancy (0–2 y) and childhood (2–4 y) conditional weight gain and fat mass index (FMkg/m2) and visceral abdominal fat (cm) at 30 years of age

From: Does objectively measured physical activity modify the association between early weight gain and fat mass in young adulthood?

  Crude Model 1 Model 2
Β coefficient (95% CI) P-value Β coefficient (95% CI) P-value Β coefficient (95% CI) P-value
Fat mass index (FMkg/m2)
 0–2 y 0.68 (0.48, 0.88) <0.001 0.65 (0.45, 0.84) <0.001 0.62 (0.43, 0.82) <0.001
 2–4 y 0.91 (0.70, 1.11) <0.001 0.98 (0.78, 1.18) <0.001 1.03 (0.83, 1.22) <0.001*
Visceral abdominal fat (cm)
 0–2 y 0.07 (−0.02, 0.17) 0.14 0.05 (−0.05, 0.14) 0.34 0.04 (−0.05, 0.13) 0.42
 2–4 y 0.24 (0.15, 0.34) <0.001 0.14 (0.05, 0.23) 0.003 0.15 (0.06, 0.24) 0.001
  1. Model 1: Adjusted for child sex, birth weight for gestational age, family income at birth, maternal schooling at birth, maternal body mass index pre-pregnancy, maternal smoking in pregnancy, and breastfeeding
  2. Model 2: Adjusted for model 1 + moderate-to-vigorous physical activity
  3. *Significant interaction between conditional weight gain and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, P = 0.029