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Table 5 Prospective association between the Healthy Dietary Adherence Score at baseline and indicators of well-being at follow-up across weight groups at follow-up

From: Bidirectional associations between psychosocial well-being and adherence to healthy dietary guidelines in European children: prospective findings from the IDEFICS study

    KINDL® SDQ
  Better self-esteem Good parent relations No detectable emotional problems No detectable peer problems
  OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
HDAS (higher adherence) Weight group I 1.2 1.0–1.4 1.1 1.0–1.3 1.2** 1.1–1.4 1.3*** 1.1–1.4
II 1.2 0.9–1.7 1.2 0.9–1.5 1.2 1.0–1.6 1.4** 1.1–1.7
  1. **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001
  2. P-value obtained using a multilevel model correcting for cluster design (country)
  3. Weight group: I = normal weight including thin, n = 5597, II = overweight including obese, n = 1599
  4. Model adjusted for: age, sex, BMI z-score, well-being at baseline, and highest parental education and income
  5. HDAS Healthy Dietary Adherence Score; OR Odds ratio; SDQ Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire