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Table 3 Prospective associations between indicators of well-being at baseline and the Healthy Dietary Adherence Score at follow-up (N = 7196)

From: Bidirectional associations between psychosocial well-being and adherence to healthy dietary guidelines in European children: prospective findings from the IDEFICS study

     HDAS components (higher adherence)
   HDAS (higher adherence) Fruits & Vegetables Fish Whole meal Sugar Fat
  OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
KINDL® Better self-esteem 1.1* 1.0–1.3 1.1 1.0–1.2 1.0 0.9–1.2 1.1 1.0–1.3 1.2** 1.1–1.4 1.0 0.9–1.1
Good parent relations 1.0 0.9–1.1 1.2* 1.0–1.3 1.0 0.9–1.1 1.0 0.9–1.2 1.0 0.9–1.2 1.1 0.9–1.2
SDQ No detectable emotional problems 1.1 1.0–1.3 1.1 0.9–1.2 1.1 1.0–1.3 1.0 0.9–1.2 1.1 0.9–1.3 1.2* 1.0–1.4
No detectable peer problems 1.0 0.9–1.1 1.2** 1.1–1.4 1.1 0.9–1.2 1.1 1.0–1.3 1.1 0.9–1.3 1.0 0.9–1.2
  1. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01
  2. P-value obtained using a multilevel model correcting for cluster design (country)
  3. Model adjusted for: age, sex, BMI z-score, diet at baseline, and highest parental education and income
  4. HDAS Healthy Dietary Adherence Score; OR Odds ratio; SDQ Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire