Skip to main content


Table 1 Description of individual studies related to underlying theories, models and/or frameworks and capacity building approach

From: Theories, models and frameworks used in capacity building interventions relevant to public health: a systematic review

References Country Study method/design Purpose Underlying theory; explicit or implied Underlying model; explicit or implied Underlying frameworks; explicit or implied Capacity building approach
Aluttis et al. [31] Europe Literature review Focus group Review of currently existing frameworks, to highlight commonalities, and to propose a public health countrylevel framework which integrates all reoccurring dimensions into one framework None None Capacity Mapping Framework- explicit Concept mapping
Ballie et al. [32] Not stated Literature review Describe a conceptual framework to assist in the application of capacity-building principles to public health nutrition practice None Ecological model- implied None Capacity building
Bagley and Lin [33] Australia Interviews
Develop and pilot test a rapid assessment tool to improve local public health system capacity Diffusion of Innovations- implied Ecological model- implied None Capacity mapping
Bamberg et al. [24] Australia Interviews
Informal conversations
Present a project that utilized
Donald’s Ely’s model to build research and evaluation capacity in a community health centre
Diffusion of Innovations-explicit Ely’s Change Model-explicit None Capacity building
Cohen et al. [34] Canada Literature
Present a Conceptual Framework of Organizational Capacity for Public Health Equity Action grounded in the experience of Canadian public health equity champions, that can be used as a tool to guide research, dialogue, reflection and action on public health capacity development to achieve health equity goals None Ecological model- implied None Capacity building
Hu, Rao and Sun [26] United States Commentary Provide a scientific guide for most countries in the world to build a
complete public health emergency management system
None Capacity Assessment Theory- explicit
Prevention, Preparation, Response, Recovery Model- explicit
None Capacity assessment
Katz and Wadersman [25] Not stated Literature review Focus on evidence based for technical assistance using three frames: tasks, relationships, and connections to the life cycle stage of an innovation (e.g., programs, policies, or practices that are new to a setting) None Interactive Systems Framework for Dissemination and Implementation - explicit
Getting to outcomes- explicit
None Technical assistance
Khenti et al. [35] Canada Literature review
Focus group
Present a framework for global mental health capacity building that could potentially serve as a promising or best practice in the field None Developmental Evaluation Model- explicit None Capacity building
Leeman et al. [11] Not stated Literature review
Member checking
Conduct a scoping review to advance theory to guide the design of capacity building strategies, with a specific focus on strategies to adopt and implement community-based prevention evidence-based interventions None Interactive Systems Framework for Dissemination and Implementation - explicit None Capacity building
Meeker et al. [36] Not stated Literature review
Develop a technical competency framework for emergency nutrition preparedness, response, and recovery within the humanitarian system None Ecological model- implied Bloom’s Taxonomy of Learning- explicit Capacity building
Millery [37] United States Case study Describe a capacity building program that extends the traditional mission of HIV/AIDs professional training programs Diffusion of Innovations- implied Community Leadership Development Model- explicit None Capacity building
Murphy et al. [27] Canada Literature review
Pre-post survey
Design programs and interventions that capitalize on the knowledge, skills, and accessibility of pharmacists for improving mental health outcomes in communities Behaviour Change Theoryexplicit The Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research-explicit Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Systemexplicit
COM-B (C-capability, O-opportunity, M-motivation, and B- behaviour) Assessmentexplicit
Capacity building
Norman et al. [38] Canada Commentary Describe a model that leverages and reconfigures social networks in a manner designed to support innovation within health systems Social Learning Theories- implied
Transformatio nal Learning Theory- implied
Diffusion of Innovations- implied
Social Network Theory- implied Complex Network Electronic Knowledge Translation Research Model- implied Linking knowledge to action
Olley [39] United Kingdom Case study Develop and implement a continuing education strategy within an infection prevention and control service None Lewin’s Freeze-Thaw Modelexplicit
Seven S Modelexplicit
Strengths, Weakness, Opportunities
and Threats (SWOT) Analysis Model- explicit
Political, economic, social and technological (PEST) Analysis Frameworkexplicit
Feasibility Model- explicit
Action Learning Framework- explicit Continuing education
Preskill and Boyle [40] United States Commentary Offer a multidisciplinary model of evaluation capacity building Diffusion of Innovationsimplied Ecological model- implied Bloom’s Taxonomy of Learning- implied Technical assistance
Risley and Cooper [41] United States Case study Describe the theory and methodology behind a program that incorporates individual and group coaching as a career and leadership development tool in both academic and applied public Transformational
Theory- implied
Adult Learning Theoriesimplied
Appreciative inquiry- explicit
None Professional coaching
Robinson et al. [28] Canada Case study Examine the utility of a linking system approach to support capacity building and dissemination of heart health promotion Diffusion of Innovations- explicit None Linking Systems Approach- explicit Linking knowledge to action
Rutten, Gelius and Abu-Omar [28] Europe Case study Outline a theoretical framework for an interactive, research-driven approach to building policy capacities in health promotion None None Analysis of Determinants of Policy Impact (ADEPT) Model- explicit Linking knowledge to action
Stark et al. [30] United States Quasiexperimental Assess the impact of an online continuing education course on knowledge, skills, and selfefficacy of nutrition professionals to use an ecological approach to prevent childhood obesity None Ecological model- explicit None Online continuing education
  1. Description of included papers