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Table 2 Association between breastfeeding and selected adverse health outcomes

From: Effect of exclusive breastfeeding on selected adverse health and nutritional outcomes: a nationally representative study

Outcome variable EBF terminated between 0 and 2 months (n = 567) a EBF terminated between 2 and 4 months (n = 1223) a EBF terminated between 4 and 6 months (n = 1918) a PAF %
Crude OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI) Crude OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI) Crude OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Diarrhea 5.80 (3.19–11.63) 4.94 (3.17–10.23) 3.13 (2.04–4.87) 3.07 (2.11–5.03) 2.34 (1.89–3.11) 2.30 (1.89–3.20) 27.37
Fever 2.24 (2.00–2.98) 2.18 (1.56–3.04) 1.54 (1.35–1.78) 1.53 (1.37–2.10) 1.25 (1.07–1.48) 1.23 (1.06–1.63) 13.24
ARI 2.43 (1.98–3.45) 2.38 (1.27–3.26) 1.42 (1.13–1.75) 1.40 (1.10–1.76) 1.25 (1.03–1.48) 1.19 (1.04–1.57) 8.94
At least one of the above three diseases 2.56 (2.12–3.38) 2.50 (2.10–3.32) 1.63 (1.40–1.95) 1.64 (1.30–1.98) 1.45 (1.22–1.79) 1.42 (1.20–1.76) 10.52
  1. aReference group: EBF not terminated up to six months
  2. Note: n: total sample size, OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, PAF population-attributable fraction (if EBF was not discontinued during first six months)