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Table 2 Univariable analysis of factors associated with the uptake of couples HIV counseling. Prenahtest ANRS 12127 trial

From: Couples HIV counselling and couple relationships in India, Georgia and the Dominican Republic

  Dominican Republic (N = 232) Georgia (N = 240) India (N = 239)
n (%) OR (95% CI) p-value n (%) OR (95% CI) p-value n (%) OR (95% CI) p-value
Individual characteristics
 Age (year)    0.332    0.935    0.084
  20–24 4(5.1) 1.00   12(14.5) 1.00   54(38.3) 1.00  
  16–20 9(12.0) 2.52 [0.78–9.66]   3(13.6) 0.93 [0.20–3.31]   22(39.3) 1.04 [0.55–1.96]  
  25–29 3(7.1) 1.42 [0.27–6.77]   8(11.6) 0.77 [0.29–2.00]   7(20.6) 0.49 [0.16–0.98]  
   > =30 5(13.5) 2.89 [0.72–12.35]   10(15.2) 1.06 [0.42–2.63]   5(62.5) 2.68 [0.63–13.51]  
 Educational level    0.999    0.026    0.890
  Secondary 9(9.0) 1.00   4(5.7) 1.00   37(38.5)   
  None, primary and college 10(9.1) 1.01 [0.39–2.65]    40(35.4) 0.87 [0.50–1.54]  
  Tertiary 2(9.1) 1.01 [0.15–4.31]   29(17.1) 3.39 [1.27–11.79]   11(36.7) 0.92 [0.39–2.13]  
 Previously tested for HIV    0.685    0.338    0.422
  Yes 13(9.7) 1.00   15(16.5) 1.00   27(33.3) 1.00  
  No 8(8.2) 0.82 [0.32–2.05]   18(12.1) 0.69 [0.33–1.48]   61(38.6) 1.26 [0.72–2.23]  
 Perception of risk of HIV infection from her current partner    0.884    0.115    0.478
  No 15(8.9) 1.00   21(13.4) 1.00   84(38.5) 1.00  
  Yes 4(13.3) 1.57 [0.42–4.73]   5(11.6) 0.85 [0.27–2.25]   2(28.6) 0.64 [0.09–3.03]  
  Doesn’t Know 2(5.4) 0.58 [0.09–2.19]   7(15.2) 1.16 [0.43–2.82]   4(25.0) 0.53 [0.14–1.58]  
 Partner ever tested for HIV    0.381    0.035    0.704
  Yes 10(10.4) 1.00   7(31.8) 1.00   6(28.6) 1.00  
  No 8(10.7) 1.03 [0.37–2.74]   16(10.3) 0.24 [0.09–0.72]   75(37.7) 1.51 [0.59–4.39]  
  Doesn’t Know 3(4.9) 0.44 [0.10–1.53]   10(16.1) 0.41 [0.13–1.30]   7(36.8) 1.46 [0.39–5.68]  
 Partner alcohol consumption    0.8213    NC    0.0948
  Never/Occasionally 20(8.8) 1.00   33(14.1) 1.00   87(38.7) 1.00  
  Frequently 1(11.1) 1.29 [0.07–7.55]   0(0.0) NC   3(18.7) 0.37 [0.08–1.17]  
Couple characteristics
 Educational level difference with partner    0.654    0.004    0.463
  Partner more educated than woman (<= 2 y) 8(12.7) 1.00   14(9.9) 1.00   34(33.0) 1.00  
  Woman more educated than partner 7(7.8) 0.58 [0.19–1.70]   16(27.6) 3.45 [1.56–7.77]   30(42.3) 1.48 [0.79–2.78]  
  Partner more educated than women (> 2 y) 3(6.3) 0.46 [0.10–1.69]   3(7.3) 0.716[0.16–2.34]   24(36.9) 1.19 [0.62–2.27]  
  Doesn’t know 3(9.7) 0.74 [0.15–2.77]        
 Age difference with partner    0.603    0.193    0.098
  Partner older than woman (gap <5 y) 5(6.0) 1.00   13(10.8) 1.00   44(35.2) 1.00  
  Woman older than partner 4(11.4) 2.01 [0.47–8.09]   10(22.2) 2.35 [0.93–5.83]   2(40.0) 1.23 [0.16–7.67]  
  Partner older than woman (gap >5 y) 10(11.4) 2.00 [0.68–6.67]   10(13.3) 1.26 [0.51–3.04]   28(32.6) 0.89 [0.49–1.58]  
  Unknown 2(7.7) 1.30 [0.18–6.47]      14(60.9) 2.86 [1.16–7.38]  
 Remunerated activity within the couple    0.767    0.044    0.391
  Partner only 15(9.3) 1.00   13(10.6) 1.00   65(34.9) 1.00  
  Woman or both 4(7.3) 0.77 [0.21–2.23]   16(22.5) 2.46 [1.11–5.56]   22(44.9) 1.52 [0.80–2.87]  
  None of them 2(13.3) 1.51 [0.22–6.18]   4(8.7) 0.80 [0.22–2.43]   1(25.0) 0.62 [0.03–4.95]  
 Cohabitation    0.518    0.471    0.067
  With partner only 18(10.1) 1.00   19(16.5) 1.00   35(36.1) 1.00  
  Without partner 2(6.7) 0.63 [0.10–2.37]   2(13.3) 0.78 [0.12–3.13]   2(11.1) 0.22 [0.03–0.84]  
  With partner and family-in-law members 1(4.2) 0.39 [0.02–2.02]   12(10.9) 0.612 [0.28–1.33]   51(41.1) 1.24 [0.72–2.15]  
 Relationship duration (year)    0.069    0.821    0.467
  1–5 9(7.4) 1.00   14(12.4) 1.00   52(36.1) 1.00  
   < 1 9(17.6) 2.74 [1.01–7.47]   12(15.6) 1.30 [0.56–3.00]   24(42.9) 1.33 [0.70–2.49]  
   > 5 3(5.4) 0.71 [0.15–2.49]   7(14.0) 1.15 [0.41–2.98]   12(30.8) 0.78 [0.36–1.65]  
 Accompanied by partner to antenatal care    0.011    0.843    <0.001
  Yes 11 (17.7) 1.00   12(13.2) 1.00   55(52.4) 1.00  
  No 10(6.1) 0.30 [0.12–0.76]   21(14.1) 1.08 [0.51–2.38]   33(24.6) 0.30 [0.17–0.51]  
 Planning of the current pregnancy    0.952    0.975    0.262
  Planned 9(9.4) 1.00   24(13.8) 1.00   75(38.5) 1.00  
  Not planned 12 (9.1) 0.97 [0.39–2.48]   9(13.6) 0.99 [0.41–2.19]   13(29.5) 0.67 [0.32–1.34]  
 Perception of partner support during the pregnancy    0.034    0.366    0.106
  Very supportive 18(12.3) 1.00   15(16.3) 1.00   66(40.2) 1.00  
  Supportive/ not enough 3(3.5) 0.26 [0.73–0.90]   18(12.2) 0.71 [0.34–1.49]   22(29.3) 0.62 [0.34–1.11]  
 Emotional or verbal abuse from partner at least once in the last month    0.054    0.300    0.433
  Yes 6(5.4) 1.00   11(17.7) 1.00   15(31.9) 1.00  
  No 15(12.5) 2.52 [0.98–7.30]   22(12.4) 0.65 [0.30–1.48]   73(38.0) 1.31 [0.67–2.64]  
 Physical abuse from partner at least once in the last month    0.334      0.342
  Yes 1(4.2) 1.00    17(43.6) 1.00  
  No 20(9.6) 2.44 [0.47–44.90]    71(35.5) 0.71 [0.36–1.44]  
 Ever discussed about HIV in the couple    0.410    0.004    0.788
  On general terms 4(7.5) 1.00   19(20.7) 1.00   29(34.9) 1.00  
  Never 6(6.7) 0.88 [0.24–3.61]   11(7.9) 0.33 [0.14–0.72]   50(38.8) 1.18 [0.67–2.10]  
  On personal terms 11(12.2) 1.70 [0.55–6.42]   3(37.5) 2.30 [0.44–10.27]   9(33.3) 0.93 [0.36–2.29]  
 Condom use with partner and discussion about it    0.134    0.956    0.523
  Already used and discussed 5(5.0) 1.00   10(13.9) 1.00   19(29.7) 1.00  
  Already used but never discussed 2(6.1) 1.22 [0.17–6.01]   1(16.7) 1.24 [0.06–8.82]   2(40.0) 1.58 [0.20–10.27]  
  Never used but already discussed 6(15.8) 3.56 [1.01–13.13]   6(16.2) 1.20 [0.38–3.54]   22(36.7) 1.37 [0.65–2.92]  
  Never used and never discussed 8(13.1) 2.87 [0.91–9.91]   16(12.8) 0.91 [0.39–2.19]   45(40.9) 1.64 [0.86–3.21]  
  1. OR Crude Odds-Ratio, 95% CI 95% Confidence Interval, ANC Antenatal Care visit, NC Not Calculable