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Table 2 Demographic characteristics of TB cases in the North West of England by Enhanced Case Management level N = 1711

From: Quantifying the need for enhanced case management for TB patients as part of TB cohort audit in the North West of England: a descriptive study

Independent variable Total (%) ECM Level P-value*
  N = 616 (36%) N = 528 (31%) N = 326 (19%) N = 241 (14%)  
Age group (n = 1710a) <0.001
 0–15 89 (5.2) 10 (1.6) 34 (6.5) 28 (8.6) 17 (7.1)  
 16–30 434 (25.4) 167 (27.1) 124 (23.5) 92 (28.2) 51 (21.2)  
 31–45 485 (28.4) 193 (31.3) 150 (28.5) 79 (24.2) 63 (26.1)  
 46–65 394 (23.0) 136 (22.1) 122 (23.2) 67 (20.6) 69 (28.6)  
  > 65 308 (18.0) 110 (17.9) 97 (18.4) 60 (18.4) 41 (17.0)  
Gender (n = 1711) 0.85
 Male 999 (58.4) 359 (58.3) 313 (59.3) 187 (57.4) 140 (58.1)  
 Female 712 (41.6) 257 (41.7) 215 (40.7) 139 (42.6) 101 (41.9)  
Born in the UK (n = 1675a) <0.001
 No 1077 (64.3) 427 (71.2) 349 (67.4) 195 (60.4) 106 (45.3)  
 Yes 598 (35.7) 173 (28.8) 169 (32.6) 128 (39.6) 128 (54.7)  
Ethnic group (n = 1652a) <0.001
 White 457 (27.7) 143 (24.2) 118 (23.1) 91 (28.8) 105 (44.9)  
 Pakistani 564 (34.1) 212 (35.8) 204 (40.0) 93 (29.4) 55 (23.5)  
 Indian 251 (15.2) 112 (18.9) 49 (9.6) 62 (19.6) 28 (12.0)  
 Black African 198 (12.0) 65 (11.0) 71 (13.9) 37 (11.7) 25 (10.7)  
 Bangladeshi 42 (2.5) 17 (2.9) 19 (3.7) 4 (1.3) 2 (0.9)  
 Otherb 140 (8.5) 43 (7.3) 49 (9.6) 29 (9.2) 19 (8.1)  
Deprivation quintile (n = 1625a) <0.001
 1 (least deprived) 92 (5.7) 46 (7.8) 21 (4.2) 12 (3.9) 13 (5.6)  
 2 120 (7.4) 64 (10.8) 26 (5.3) 19 (6.2) 11 (4.7)  
 3 148 (9.1) 67 (11.3) 44 (8.9) 16 (5.2) 21 (9.1)  
 4 238 (14.7) 96 (16.2) 65 (13.1) 44 (14.3) 33 (14.2)  
 5 (most deprived) 1027 (63.2) 318 (53.8) 339 (68.5) 216 (70.4) 154 (66.4)  
  1. aMissing data
  2. bIncludes Black Caribbean, Black Other, Chinese and Mixed/Other
  3. *P-value for differences across categories of ECM: Chi-square test for trend (dichotomous variables), Pearson’s Chi-square test (other categorical variables)