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Table 2 Individual characteristics of participants across dilemma towards meat, fish and dairy products choice (N = 22,935, NutriNet-Santé study, 2013)

From: Dilemma between health and environmental motives when purchasing animal food products: sociodemographic and nutritional characteristics of consumers

  All sample Meat Fish Dairy product
N = 22,935 No dilemma Dilemma P1 No dilemma Dilemma P1 No dilemma Dilemma P1
N = 18,138 N = 2767 N = 17,715 N = 2913 N = 20,221 N = 1001
Sex, %     <0.0001    <0.0001    0.75
 Women 75.2 76.6 81.1   76.4 83.3   77.5 77.0  
 Men 24.8 23.4 18.9   23.6 16.7   22.5 23.0  
Age (years), %     <0.0001    <0.0001    <0.0001
 18–30 9.0 9.1 6.7   8.6 6.5   9.4 2.5  
 30–50 32.0 33.1 27.6   32.6 29.6   33.3 17.7  
 50–65 40.6 40.5 44.2   40.9 45.1   40.0 54.8  
  > 65 18.4 17.4 21.6   18.0 18.8   17.3 25.1  
Educational level, %     0.090    0.014    <0.0001
 Primary 2.4 2.4 2.7   2.3 2.9   2.3 4.6  
 Secondary 31.5 31.2 32.8   31.3 32.5   30.4 46.8  
 University (≤ 3 years) 30.7 31.1 30.0   30.8 31.8   31.2 26.0  
 University (> 3 years) 35.4 35.3 34.5   35.6 32.8   36.2 22.6  
Income (€/UC)2, %     0.27    0.0057    <0.0001
 200 11.1 10.8 10.7   10.4 11.4   10.8 13.6  
 1200–1800 22.8 22.7 23.3   22.6 24.1   22.8 24.1  
 1800–2700 28.7 28.7 29.8   28.8 29.8   28.8 32.1  
 700 33.2 33.6 32.3   34.1 30.7   33.6 25.0  
 Missing data 4.3 4.2 3.9   4.2 4.0   4.1 5.3  
Household composition, %     0.0022    0.49    <0.0001
 One adult 18.0 17.6 19.7   17.9 18.1   18.2 20.7  
 Two adults 46.3 45.8 47.2   46.0 47.0   45.3 52.6  
 Household with ≥1 child 13.8 14.5 12.8   14.2 14.0   14.6 7.1  
 Household with ≥1 teenager 17.1 17.1 16.3   17.0 16.7   17.0 16.1  
 Household with ≥1 child and 1 teenager 4.8 5.0 4.1   4.9 4.2   4.9 3.6  
Smoking status, %     0.0023    0.043    0.0011
 Never smoker 49.9 49.6 52.6   49.9 51.3   50.4 49.4  
 Former smoker 39.9 39.8 38.6   39.8 39.9   39.2 43.3  
 Current smoker 10.2 10.6 8.8   10.3 8.8   10.5 7.3  
Physical activity, %     <0.0001    <0.0001    <0.0001
 Low 18.4 19.3 14.6   18.5 16.3   18.7 14.1  
 Moderate 37.8 37.9 39.4   38.1 38.3   38.5 32.8  
 High 32.6 31.7 35.4   32.1 35.8   31.7 42.5  
 Missing data 11.1 11.1 10.6   11.3 9.7   11.1 10.7  
BMI (kg/m2), %     <0.0001    <0.0001    0.032
  < 25 69.6 68.6 75.7   69.1 74.6   70.0 66.3  
 25–30 22.7 23.2 19.3   23.1 18.8   22.3 25.7  
  > 30 7.70 8.20 5.1   7.90 6.60   7.7 7.8  
Dietary characteristics
 mPNNS-GS3,4 7.7 ± 1.6 7.6 ± 1.6 8.0 ± 1.6 <0.0001 7.7 ± 1.6 7.8 ± 1.6 <0.0001 7.6 ± 1.6 8.1 ± 1.6 <0.0001
 Energy intake (kcal/day) 1893.8 ± 470.0 1894.1 ± 465.0 1850.8 ± 461.30 <0.0001 1891.3 ± 465.1 1848.5 ± 457.4 <0.0001 1891.1 ± 465.0 1827.5 ± 453.5 0.0002
 Meat
  Intake (g/day) 69.6 ± 51.7 72.6 ± 51.8 60.3 ± 46.5 <0.0001 71.6 ± 51.8 60.5 ± 47.7 <0.0001 69.9 ± 51.6 65.2 ± 47.6 0.002
  Adherence to dietary guidelines5 51.8 53.2 48.8 <0.0001 53.4 48.7 <0.0001 52.0 51.7 0.834
 Fish
  Intake (g/day) 42.3 ± 44.5 43.8 ± 45.1 41.6 ± 42.3 0.0221 42.7 ± 44.7 42.9 ± 42.9 0.8066 42.3 ± 44.5 42.0 ± 42.6 0.85
  Adherence to dietary guidelines6 56.0 55.4 65.5 <0.0001 57.8 58.3 0.60 55.6 62.6 <0.0001
 Dairy products
  Intake (g/day) 191.3 ± 151.1 193.7 ± 150.5 178.0 ± 146.3 <0.0001 194.1 ± 151.1 175.4 ± 142.6 <0.0001 193.8 ± 150.7 181.1 ± 144.8 0.02
  Adherence to dietary guidelines7 28.8 29.1 28.1 0.28 29.2 27.4 0.039 29.1 31.5 0.10
  1. 1P–values are based on chi-square tests
  2. 2CU: Consumption Units. One CU is attributed for the first adult in the household, 0.5 for other 569 persons aged 14 or older and 0.3 for children under 14
  3. 3Analyses are performed on a subsample of individuals (N = 17,685) for whom mPNNS-GS score could be assessed
  4. 4mPNNS-GS has a range of 0–13.5 points, with a higher score indicating a better overall diet quality
  5. 5Since there are no dietary guidelines available for meat, guidelines for meat/fish/eggs are considered in these analyses. Adherence to dietary guidelines for meat/fish/eggs corresponds to an intake of 1–2 servings/day
  6. 6Adherence to dietary guidelines for fish corresponds to an intake of fish ≥2 servings/week
  7. 7Adherence to dietary guidelines for dairy products corresponds to an intake between 2.5–3.5 servings/day (individuals <55 years) and between 2.5–4.5 servings/day (individuals ≥55 years)