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Table 2 Age-standardized prevalence of hypertension, and awareness, treatment and control of hypertension among 25-74-year-old citizens of Yangon Region, in 2004 and 2014, by gender and location (Standardized to the 2014 Census Data of Yangon Region)

From: Changes in prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension from 2004 to 2014 among 25-74-year-old citizens in the Yangon Region, Myanmar

  Male Female Total
  2004
(N = 1994)
2014
(N = 745)
p-value 2004
(N = 2454)
2014
(N = 741)
p-value 2004
(N = 4448)
2014
(N = 1486)
p-value
Prevalence
 Combined 26.8 (24.1-29.8) 36.6 (32.1-41.2) 0.001* 26.6 (24.2-29.1) 33.6 (30.8-36.6) <0.001* 26.7 (24.4-29.1) 34.6 (32.2-37.1) <0.001*
 Urban 27.9 (23.9-32.4) 38.7 (33.9-43.7) 0.003* 27.7 (24.4-31.3) 34.5 (28.9-40.6) 0.050* 27.6 (24.3-31.1) 34.5 (31.5-37.6) 0.006*
 Rural 24.0 (19.5-29.1) 33.4 (27.4-40.1) 0.025* 24.0 (20.8-27.5) 33.8 (30.7-37.1) 0.001* 24.3 (21.4-27.5) 34.2 (30.0-38.6) 0.002*
Awareness
 Combined 15.0 (12.8-17.4) 23.0 (19.9-26.5) <0.001* 22.8 (19.9-25.9) 32.5 (29.1-36.1) <0.001* 19.4 (17.2-21.9) 27.8 (24.9-31.0) <0.001*
 Urban 15.2 (12.6-18.3) 22.6 (19.0-26.7) 0.005* 24.3 (20.1-29.0) 31.5 (26.3-37.3) 0.045* 20.6 (17.4-24.3) 26.9 (22.3-31.9) 0.039*
 Rural 14.1 (11.1-17.8) 23.5 (19.5-28.1) 0.003* 18.8 (17.8-19.9) 32.7 (33.8-38.7) <0.001* 16.5 (14.7-18.5) 28.5 (23.8-33.7) <0.001*
Treatment
 Combined 38.0 (33.8-42.5) 38.6 (31.6-46.1) 0.891 48.1 (39.7-56.6) 47.2 (40.8-53.7) 0.865 43.1 (34.8-51.9) 40.1 (33.1-47.6) 0.589
 Urban 41.9 (34.5-49.6) 46.7 (39.6-54.0) 0.339 52.2 (43.2-61.0) 55.6 (49.7-61.2) 0.504 47.5 (37.4-57.8) 46.3 (35.4-57.5) 0.861
 Rural 35.5 (27.6-44.2) 41.8 (33.3-50.9) 0.271 38.0 (33.2-42.9) 45.9 (40.2-51.8) 0.042* 36.9 (30.4-43.9) 40.0 (32.4-48.1) 0.522
Control
 Combined 35.8 (31.5-40.3) 39.8 (34.7-45.2) 0.234 53.0 (49.0-57.0) 47.3 (44.7-49.8) 0.019* 48.4 (45.1-51.7) 45.3 (39.8-50.9) 0.330
 Urban 37.8 (30.8-45.3) 39.1 (33.5-45.0) 0.763 52.4 (46.7-58.1) 43.4 (40.1-46.7) 0.010* 50.9 (46.3-55.5) 41.6 (38.4-44.8) 0.003*
 Rural 25.2 (31.3-45.5) 38.1 (31.3-45.5) 0.004* 48.4 (41.8-55.1) 31.0 (25.7-36.9) 0.001* 39.7 (32.7-47.2) 35.3 (30.4-40.6) 0.289
  1. *p-value <0.05 (tested between 2004 and 2014 by Wald test)
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