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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of the study participants by NAFLD

From: Waist-to-height ratio is a useful index for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in children and adolescents: a secondary data analysis

Variable NAFLD
(n = 167)
Non-NAFLD
(n = 1043)
Crude OR (95% CI) P
Age (years) 18.0 ± 1.9 15.1 ± 2.8 1.823 (1.627-2.042) < 0.001
Male, n % 91 (54.5) 503 (48.2) 1.285 (0.926-1.784) 0.133
Anthropometric Assessment
 BMI (kg/m2) 23.0 ± 4.7 21.0 ± 4.0 1.109 (1.070-1.150) < 0.001
 Waist-hip ratio 0.86 ± 0.08 0.79 ± 0.07 2.556 (2.106-3.104) < 0.001
 Waist-to-height ratio 0.51 ± 0.07 0.44 ± 0.05 3.885 (2.331-5.233) < 0.001
 Systolic BP (mmHg) 121.2 ± 19.4 113.1 ± 18.1 1.023 (1.014-1.031) < 0.001
 Diastolic BP (mmHg) 71.8 ± 14.3 67.4 ± 12.7 1.024 (1.012-1.036) < 0.001
 Pulse pressure (mmHg) 49.4 ± 14.5 45.8 ± 14.1 1.017 (1.006-1.028) < 0.001
Biochemistry data
 Creatinine (mg/dL) 0.76 ± 0.17 0.79 ± 0.17 0.364 (0.132-0.999) 0.050
 ALT (mg/dL) 30.0 ± 27.5 14.9 ± 12.7 1.048 (1.037-1.060) < 0.001
 AST (mg/dL) 22.2 ± 10.3 18.7 ± 6.7 1.048 (1.028-1.069) < 0.001
 Uric acid (mg/dL) 6.35 ± 1.59 5.63 ± 1.38 1.403 (1.254-1.570) < 0.001
 GGT (U/L) 22.8 ± 17.4 18.7 ± 6.7 1.068 (1.050-1.085) < 0.001
Lipid profiles
 LDL-C (mg/dL) 104.4 ± 30.4 94.1 ± 24.5 1.014 (1.008-1.020) < 0.001
 VLDL (mg/dL) 19.4 ± 10.6 14.9 ± 6.9 1.060 (1.041-1.080) < 0.001
 HDL-C mg/dL 54.4 ± 11.5 58.5 ± 11.3 0.966 (0.951-0.982) < 0.001
 Cholesterol-C mg/dL 168.6 ± 31.4 161.3 ± 26.5 1.009 (1.004-1.015) 0.001
 Triglyceride (mg/dL) 98.8 ± 59.9 74.9 ± 36.2 1.011 (1.007-1.014) < 0.001
  1. Abbreviation: ALT aspartate aminotransferase, AST alanine aminotransferase, NAFLD non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, BW body weight, BMI basal metabolic index, BP blood pressure, GGT gamma-glutamyl aminotransferase, LDL low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, VLDL very-low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, HDL high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, TG triglycerides
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