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Table 1 Participant characteristics of toddlers living in Edmonton, Canada

From: Meeting new Canadian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for the Early Years and associations with adiposity among toddlers living in Edmonton, Canada

  (n = 151)
Age (M ± SD) 19.0 ± 1.9 months
Sex (females, %) 47.0
Ethnicity/race (%)
 European-Canadian/Caucasian 59.6
 Othera 40.4
Household income (n = 144) (%)
  > $100,000 48.6
 $50,000 to $100,000 39.6
  ≤ $50,000 11.8
Main type of child care (%)
 Parental 32.5
 Day care centre 17.2
 Home day care 15.8
 Other 34.5
Height (centimetres) (n = 140) (M ± SD) 82.2 ± 7.2
Weight (kilograms) (n = 140) (M ± SD) 11.2 ± 1.5
Body mass index z-scoreb (n = 140) (M ± SD) 0.6 ± 1.2
Accelerometry data (M ± SD)
 Wear days 6.3 ± 1.0
 Wear time (minutes/day) 10.3 ± 1.4
Physical activity (minutes/day) (M ± SD)
 Light-intensity physical activity 240.2 ± 29.3
 Moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity 58.7 ± 18.7
 Total physical activity 298.9 ± 40.9
Sedentary behaviour (minutes/day) (M ± SD)
 Sedentary time 316.7 ± 40.6
 Television viewing 74.0 ± 82.5
 Video game 11.2 ± 32.7
 Total screen time (television viewing + video game) 85.2 ± 97.1
Restrained <1 h at a time/week (%) (n = 150)
 0 day 14.0
 1 days 8.7
 2 days 8.7
 3 days 11.3
 4 days 6.0
 5 days 6.0
 6 days 11.3
 7 days 34.0
Sleep (hours/day) (M ± SD)
 Nap 2.0 ± 0.7
 Night sleep 10.6 ± 1.4
 Total sleep 12.6 ± 1.3
  1. Values represent mean ± standard deviation (M ± SD) for continuous variables and percentage (%) for categorical variables
  2. aOther included Aboriginal/First Nation, African-Canadian, Arabic, Asian/Pacific Islander, Hispanic/Latino/Latina, and others (self-expressed)
  3. bBMI z-scores were calculated according to the World Health Organization (WHO) growth standards [38]