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Table 4 Association between sleep duration and motor development in children aged 0–4 years

From: Systematic review of the relationships between sleep duration and health indicators in the early years (0–4 years)

No of studies Design Quality Assessment No of participants Absolute effect Quality
Risk of bias Inconsistency Indirectness Imprecision Other
Mean age ranged between 7.4 months and 13 months. Data were collected cross-sectionally only. Sleep duration was assessed by actigraphy or parent report. Motor development was assessed using the Ages and Stages Questionnaire in both studies.
2 Cross-sectional studya No serious risk of bias No serious inconsistency No serious indirectness No serious imprecision None 1403 Sleep duration was not associated with gross and fine motor skills [38, 51]. LOW
  1. Due to the fact that only two studies were published on sleep duration and motor development (with different methodologies and age groups), a meta-analysis was not possible
  2. aIncludes 2 cross-sectional studies [38, 51]