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Table 8 High-level summary of findings by health indicator

From: Systematic review of the relationships between sedentary behaviour and health indicators in the early years (0–4 years)

Health indicator Number of studies Quality of evidence Summary of findings: Number of studies reporting unfavourable/null/favourable associations with at least one health indicator measure by SB typea
Critical
 Adiposity 60 Very low to moderate Objectively measured sedentary time:
Sedentary time in 30-min bouts (accelerometer-derived): null (1)
Total sedentary time (accelerometer-derived): unfavourable (1), null (12)
Screen-based sedentary behaviours:
Computer (duration, frequency): unfavourable (1), null (6)
Internet (duration): null (1)
Total screen time (duration): unfavourable (9), null (14)
TV time (duration): unfavourable (20), null (24), favourable (2)
Video games (duration): unfavourable (1)
Other screens (DVDs/videos; duration): unfavourable (1), null (1)
Other sedentary behaviours:
Reading (duration): null (1)
Sitting (baby seats, car, sedentary quiet play; duration): unfavourable (2), null (4), favourable (1)
 Motor development 7 Very low Objectively measured sedentary time:
Sedentary time in 30-min bouts (accelerometer-derived): null (1)
Total sedentary time (accelerometer-derived): unfavourable (1), null (2)
Screen-based sedentary behaviours:
TV time (duration): unfavourable (2), null (3)
Other sedentary behaviours:
Sitting (baby carrier/sling, car seat, high chair/other chair, playpen, stroller; duration): null (1), favourable (1)
Supine position (duration): unfavourable (1), null (1)
 Psychosocial health 15 Very low to moderate Objectively measured sedentary time:
Total sedentary time (accelerometer-derived): null (1)
Screen-based sedentary behaviours:
Computer (duration): unfavourable (1), null (1)
Total screen time (duration): unfavourable (1)
TV time (duration): unfavourable (9), null (11), favourable (2)
 Cognitive development 25 Very low Objectively measured sedentary time:
Total sedentary time (accelerometer-derived): null (1)
Screen-based sedentary behaviours:
Computer (yes, no): null (1)
Mobile phone use (yes, no): unfavourable (1)
Total screen time (duration): unfavourable (1)
TV time (duration): unfavourable (11), null (10), favourable (1)
Video games (duration): null (1)
Other screens (total or electronic media exposure; duration): unfavourable (2), null (1)
Other sedentary behaviours:
Reading (duration, frequency): null (2), favourable (3)
Storytelling with parents (frequency): null (2), favourable (2)
Important
 Bone and skeletal health 1 Very low Screen-based sedentary behaviours:
Screen time (duration): null (1)
Objectively measured sedentary time:
Total sedentary time (accelerometer-derived): null (1)
 Cardiometabolic health 1 Very low Screen-based sedentary behaviours:
TV time (duration): null (1)
 Fitness 2 Very low Screen-based sedentary behaviours:
TV time (duration): unfavourable (2)
 Risks / harms 0 N/A N/A
  1. aNote that the number of studies reporting unfavourable/null/favourable associations does not sum to the total number of studies for a given indicator since some studies reported mixed associations. N/A: not applicable