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Table 2 Characteristics of tuberculosis positive people identified in the Zambian national tuberculosis prevalence survey, 2013–14, by age group (15–54 years and 55 years and above)

From: Tuberculosis among older adults in Zambia: burden and characteristics among a neglected group

Characteristics Younger (15–54 yrs)
n = 211
Older (≥55 yrs)
n = 54
Mean age   36 66
Sex Male 122 (57.8%) 30 (55.6%)
Location Urban 126 (59.7%) 22 (40.3%)
Rural 74 (35.2%) 35 (64.8%)
Education No schooling 8 (3.8%) 18 (33.3%)
Primary 98 (46.5%) 24 (44.4%)
Secondary 100 (47.4%) 9 (16.7%)
Tertiary 5 (2.4%) 3 (5.6%)
Socioeconomic status   n = 175 n = 43
Lowest 31 (17.7%) 4 (9.3%)
Lower 29 (16.6%) 8 (18.6%)
Middle 51 (29.1%) 14 (32.6%)
Higher 39 (22.3%) 14 (32.6%)
Highest 25 (14.3%) 3 (7%)
Number in Household   n = 184 n = 53
1–4 45 (24.5%) 13 (24.5%)
5–8 101 (54.9%) 28 (52.8%)
9 + −12 38 (20.7%) 12 (22.7%)
Family member treated for TB   n = 210 n = 51
Yes 38 (18.1%) 3 (5.9%)
HIV-infected (among those with TB)   (n = 107) (n = 27)
  33 (30.8%) 3 (11.1%)
Transport used to visit nearest facility   n = 211 n = 54
Walk 188 (89.1%) 42 (77.8%)
Bicycle 8 (3.8%) 6 (11.1%)
Other 15 (7.1%) 0 (0%)
Travel time to nearest facility < 1 h 173 (82%) 38 (70.7%)
1 to 3 h 34 (16.1%) 15 (27.8%)
>3 h 4 (1.9%) 1 (1.9%)