Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of the infants and young children aged 0–23 months and their mothers, Madagascar 2009 (n = 1956)

From: Situation and determinants of the infant and young child feeding (IYCF) indicators in Madagascar: analysis of the 2009 Demographic and Health Survey

Variables Percentage (%)
Child characteristics
 Sex
  -Male 49.7
  -Female 50.3
 Nutritional status
  -Not stunted 59.3
  -Stunted 40.7
Maternal characteristics
 Age at first birth
  -Younger than 19 53.9
  -19 and older 46.1
 Maternal education
  -No education 28.6
  -Primary 49.7
  -Secondary 19.9
  -Higher 1.8
 Exposure to media
  Frequency of reading newspaper/magazine
   -Not at all 84.9
   -Once a week 8.8
   -More than once a week 3.9
   -Almost every day 2.1
  Frequency of listening to radio
   -Not at all 46.6
   -Once a week 10.5
   -More than once a week 11.2
   -Almost every day 31.6
  Frequency of watching TV
   -Not at all 85.9
   -Once a week 2.7
   -More than once a week 2.4
   -Almost every day 8.9
 Maternal working status
  -Working 88.6
  -Not working 11.3
Household characteristics
 Wealth Index
  -Poorest 29.5
  -Poor 20.1
  -Middle 18.4
  -Richer 16.0
  -Richest 15.8
 Area of residence
  -Rural 82.2
  -Urban 17.7
 Toilet facilities
  -No toilet 57.6
  -Latrines (pit/hanging/bucket) 38.1
  -Flush toilets 4.2
 Drinking water source
  -Unimproveda 64.5
  -Improvedb 35.4
  1. aUnimproved source of water: unprotected well and spring water, river
  2. bImproved source of water: piped water, tube wells, protected wells, protected spring water
\