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Table 3 Adjusteda BMI change, waist and hip circumference by sport (n = 2419) and active travel pattern (n = 2416)

From: Physical activity, obesity and mortality: does pattern of physical activity have stronger epidemiological associations?

PA Measure Beta coefficients Adjusted odds ratios
  BMI gain time1 to time3 BMI gain % time1 to time3 Waist [cm] time3b Hip circumference > 100 cm at time 3b
Sport time1 (1982/3) None Ref Ref Ref Ref
Any 0.10 (−0.09, 0.28) 0.29 (−0.44, 1.02) −0.88 (−1.32, −0.44)** 0.82 (0.63, 1.07)
Sport time2 (1988) None Ref Ref Ref Ref
Any −0.10 (−0.28, 0.09) −0.21 (−0.93, 0.51) −0.90 (−1.33, −0.46)** 0.80 (0.62, 1.04)
Sport pattern No sport at time1 & 2 Ref Ref Ref Ref
Mixed sport reported once −0.06 (−0.15, 0.26) 0.33 (−0.48, 1.14) −0.81 (−1.30, −0.32)** 0.92 (0.69, 1.23)
Sport maintainers at time1 & time2 −0.20 (−0.25, 0.21) −0.04 (−0.94, 0.85) −1.23 (−1.77, −0.69)** 0.72 (0.52, 1.00)*
Active travel time1c (1982/3) 40+ mins Ref Ref Ref Ref
20–39 min −0.07 (−0.28, 0.13) −0.35 (−1.16, 0.45) −0.22 (−0.71, 0.27) 0.98 (0.73, 1.31)
0–19 min −0.11 (−0.34, 0.11) −0.43 (−1.31, 0.45) −0.08 (−0.61, 0.46) 1.01 (0.73, 1.38)
Active travel time2§ (1988) 40+ mins Ref Ref Ref Ref
20–39 min 0.13 (−0.08, 0.33) 0.46 (−0.35, 1.27) 0.32 (−0.17, 0.80) 0.73 (0.54, 0.98)*
0–19 min 0.25 (0.01, 0.50) 0.82 (−0.16, 1.81) 0.44 (−0.16, 1.04) 1.10 (0.77, 1.57)
Active travel pattern§ 40+ mins maintainers Ref Ref Ref Ref
Mixed pattern −0.06 (−0.25, 0.12) −0.37 (−1.09, 0.36) 0.01 (−0.43, 0.44) 0.85 (0.66, 1.11)
0–19 min maintainers 0.03 (−0.39, 0.33) −0.20 (−1.61, 1.21) 0.79 (−0.07, 1.64) 1.33 (0.82, 2.17)
  1. aAdjusted for baseline age, sex and education
  2. bAdjusting for BMI and time 1 and BMI percent change from time 1 to time 3
  3. cFor active travel, reference category was 40+ mins, given the low number in the low active travel (0–19 min maintainers, n = 221) category
  4. p ≤ 0.05 **p ≤ 0.01