Skip to main content

Table 3 Percentage distribution of waste management practices used by the healthcare facilities

From: Healthcare waste management practices and safety indicators in Nigeria

  Anambra Bauchi Bayelsa Cross River Ekiti Imo Kaduna Kebbi Kogi Niger Osun Taraba All
Sharp Disposal
 Open burning no protection 18.59 23.58 19.34 12.68 11.54 10.87 11.16 21.05 8.74 6.25 14.02 8.29 13.79
 Open burning pit or protected ground 58.29 47.17 30.39 59.02 45.19 30.43 33.02 41.15 64.08 39.90 49.07 48.19 45.40
 Dump without burning no protection 1.51 5.66 3.87 2.93 1.92 0.43 5.58 9.09 4.37 0.48 0.47 2.59 3.23
 Dump without burning in covered pit or pit latrine 2.01 8.96 2.76 3.41 1.44 1.74 1.86 9.57 8.25 2.88 3.74 6.22 4.40
 Dump without burning Open-pit - no protection 7.04 24.06 1.10 10.73 14.42 4.78 29.77 23.44 8.25 29.81 2.34 22.80 14.96
 Dump without burning - Protected ground or pit 18.59 20.28 3.87 17.56 7.69 0.87 6.05 15.79 16.99 16.83 3.74 25.91 12.70
 Remove off-site stored in covered container 16.08 58.96 29.28 24.39 12.50 33.04 16.28 10.53 16.02 16.35 22.90 30.57 23.95
 Remove off-site stored in other protected environment 1.01 8.96 10.50 2.44 0.96 13.04 0.93 11.96 5.34 3.37 1.87 3.11 5.32
 Remove off-site stored unprotected 1.01 6.13 0.55 0.98 0.00 0.43 2.33 2.39 4.37 7.69 0.00 3.11 2.42
 Remove off-site other (specify) 4.52 1.42 7.18 6.83 4.81 6.52 1.86 1.91 5.34 0.96 5.14 1.04 3.95
 Never has sharp waste 0.50 3.30 1.10 0.00 2.40 0.43 0.00 0.48 0.00 1.44 0.47 0.00 0.85
 Remove off-site burn incinerator 0.50 5.19 0.55 1.46 0.48 26.96 0.93 5.74 0.97 0.96 0.93 1.55 4.11
 Incinerator 2-chamber 0.00 0.47 0.55 0.98 0.96 0.87 0.93 2.87 1.46 0.96 0.93 0.52 0.97
 Incinerator 1-chamber 1.01 2.83 1.66 5.37 6.25 12.17 0.93 4.78 1.94 5.29 0.93 2.07 3.87
HCW Disposal
 Open burning no protection 19.60 25.00 27.07 15.12 17.31 26.96 11.16 21.05 12.14 8.65 28.04 10.88 18.63
 Open burning pit or protected ground 55.28 50.94 29.83 58.05 44.23 36.96 33.49 34.93 65.53 39.90 47.20 48.19 45.36
 Dump without burning Flat ground - no protection 1.51 8.02 4.42 2.93 2.40 2.17 4.65 9.09 4.37 0.48 1.40 3.63 3.75
 Dump without burning covered pit or pit latrine 3.52 11.32 3.31 6.83 3.85 7.83 1.40 8.13 6.80 2.88 4.67 6.22 5.60
 Dump without burning Open-pit - no protection 7.04 23.11 2.21 8.78 14.90 5.22 29.30 19.62 7.28 28.85 2.80 22.80 14.40
 Dump without burning Protected ground or pit 17.59 20.28 4.42 17.07 6.25 2.17 6.05 12.92 16.99 15.38 1.87 30.05 12.42
 Remove off-site stored in covered container 15.58 56.13 20.44 15.61 6.73 14.78 13.02 18.18 12.62 15.87 11.68 24.35 18.71
 Remove off-site stored in other protected environment 1.01 7.55 9.94 4.39 1.44 7.83 0.93 12.92 3.88 4.81 2.34 4.15 5.08
 Remove off-site stored unprotected 2.01 6.60 1.10 0.00 0.96 0.00 3.72 1.91 3.88 8.17 0.00 2.59 2.58
 Remove off-site other (specify) 3.52 1.42 8.29 3.90 3.85 3.48 1.86 1.44 4.37 0.00 3.27 0.52 2.94
 Never has medical waste 2.01 0.94 1.10 2.44 2.40 0.43 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.48 0.00 0.00 0.81
 Remove off-site burn incinerator 0.50 2.36 0.00 0.98 0.48 7.83 0.47 4.31 1.46 0.48 0.47 1.04 1.77
 Disposal incinerator 2-chamber 0.00 2.36 1.10 3.41 3.37 10.00 0.47 4.78 1.46 5.77 0.93 2.07 3.06
 Incinerator functional today 0.00 1.89 1.10 2.44 1.92 6.52 0.93 2.39 2.91 2.40 0.47 1.04 2.06
 Power source for incinerator available today 2.51 0.94 1.66 0.98 5.29 0.00 1.40 1.44 0.97 0.48 0.47 17.10 2.66