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Table 1 Prevalence of self-reported diabetes and diabetic comorbidity (N = 12,594)

From: The extent and determinants of diabetes and cardiovascular disease comorbidity in South Africa – results from the South African National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (SANHANES-1)

  None Diabetes only Diabetes + other
Chronic Illnesses (N = 11,594; 94%) (N = 269; 2%) (N = 731; 4%)
Age: mean +/− sd 33 14.3 48 14.9 57 12.3
Gender
 Male 5163 50% 101 45% 225 34%
 Female 6425 50% 168 55% 506 66%
Residence
 Urban 7676 67% 197 70% 551 75%
 Rural 3918 33% 72 30% 180 25%
Race
 African 7873 79% 140 65% 387 66%
 White 513 10% 18 17% 30 14%
 Coloured 2230 8% 55 11% 176 13%
 Indian 938 2% 56 7% 136 7%
Household income
 Low 3884 33% 82 31% 215 29%
 Medium 4469 36% 105 34% 314 42%
 High 3234 31% 82 35% 202 29%
Education
 None 628 5% 20 6% 78 10%
 Primary 1588 13% 53 17% 186 26%
 Secondary 6615 67% 132 63% 291 44%
 Tertiary 1084 15% 28 14% 71 19%
Employment
 Unemployed 6752 58% 131 54% 395 62%
 Informal 1201 10% 58 22% 165 17%
 Formal 3393 32% 72 23% 148 21%
Obesity
 Underweight 462 3% 6 2% 14 1%
 Normal Weight 2166 17% 29 12% 54 8%
 Overweight 977 8% 41 16% 91 11%
 Obese 7989 72% 193 69% 572 80%
Self-rated health
 Bad 414 3% 20 8% 111 16%
 Moderate 1618 13% 80 32% 262 33%
 Good 9341 83% 165 60% 348 50%
Smoking
 Never 317 15% 16 29% 62 53%
 Occasional 188 9% 3 4% 11 4%
 Regular 1907 76% 53 67% 85 43%
Alcohol
 Never 8442 72% 211 76% 603 80%
 Occasional 2127 19% 43 23% 88 15%
 Regular 782 9% 5 1% 31 4%
Physical Activity
 No 9775 84% 233 82% 682 96%
 Yes 1618 16% 28 18% 36 4%
  1. Note - Percentage sign (%) is mentioned where numbers and percentages are given; mean and standard deviation is mentioned for age, n number of observations, sd standard deviation. Values are weighted