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Table 3 Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for the associations between downsizing exposure and mental health conditions

From: Risk of psychological ill health and methods of organisational downsizing: a cross-sectional survey in four European countries

   aModel 1 bModel 2
   N OR (95% CI) p value N OR (95% CI) p value
Depressive symptoms
 Type of downsizing Employment status       
  No downsizing workers/no downsizing 664 1 (ref.)   664 1 (ref.)  
  Strategic redeployed 121 0.56 (0.19 to 1.61) 0.282 121 0.54 (0.18 to 1.60) 0.268
  reemployed 111 0.72 (0.26 to 2.00) 0.529 109 0.72 (0.26 to 2.04) 0.539
  Reactive medium-scale reemployed 69 0.38 (0.05 to 2.92) 0.355 69 0.38 (0.05 to 2.90) 0.348
  survivors 98 1.53 (0.62 to 3.79) 0.358 98 1.54 (0.62 to 3.83) 0.357
  unemployed 106 3.48 (1.67 to 7.24) 0.001 106 3.42 (1.63 to 7.20) 0.001
  Reactive large-scale reemployed 41 4.98 (2.01 to 12.31) 0.001 41 3.79 (1.48 to 9.69) 0.005
  survivors 124 2.55 (1.26 to 5.16) 0.009 124 2.87 (1.39 to 5.92) 0.004
  unemployed 64 1.17 (0.34 to 4.03) 0.807 64 1.11 (0.32 to 3.87) 0.872
Anxiety
 Type of downsizing Employment status       
  No downsizing workers/no downsizing 658 1 (ref.)   658 1 (ref.)  
  Strategic redeployed 121 0.94 (0.52 to 1.69) 0.838 121 0.86 (0.47 to 1.56) 0.609
  reemployed 111 0.90 (0.49 to 1.63) 0.720 109 0.85 (0.46 to 1.57) 0.603
  Reactive medium-scale reemployed 72 1.08 (0.49 to 2.40) 0.843 72 1.11 (0.50 to 2.49) 0.792
  survivors 96 1.50 (0.84 to 2.69) 0.171 96 1.55 (0.86 to 2.78) 0.145
  unemployed 107 3.97 (2.43 to 6.47) <0.001 107 4.19 (2.54 to 6.91) <0.001
  Reactive large-scale reemployed 40 4.31 (2.12 to 8.78) <0.001 40 4.20 (2.03 to 8.70) <0.001
  survivors 122 1.76 (1.06 to 2.91) 0.029 122 1.77 (1.06 to 2.97) 0.030
  unemployed 63 3.50 (1.91 to 6.42) <0.001 63 3.81 (2.06 to 7.05) <0.001
Emotional exhaustion
 Type of downsizing Employment status       
  No downsizing workers/no downsizing 659 1 (ref.)   659 1 (ref.)  
  Strategic redeployed 122 0.73 (0.43 to 1.24) 0.245 122 0.71 (0.42 to 1.22) 0.220
  reemployed 111 0.83 (0.48 to 1.42) 0.488 109 0.80 (0.46 to 1.39) 0.430
  Reactive medium-scale reemployed 70 0.73 (0.41 to 1.31) 0.289 70 0.75 (0.42 to 1.36) 0.348
  survivors 96 1.29 (0.81 to 2.04) 0.284 96 1.30 (0.81 to 2.07) 0.274
  unemployed 104 1.14 (0.73 to 1.77) 0.573 104 1.18 (0.75 to 1.86) 0.467
  Reactive large-scale reemployed 40 1.88 (0.98 to 3.64) 0.059 40 1.77 (0.91 to 3.46) 0.092
  survivors 125 1.96 (1.31 to 2.95) 0.001 125 2.04 (1.35 to 3.08) 0.001
  unemployed 65 1.55 (0.91 to 2.63) 0.104 65 1.50 (0.88 to 2.56) 0.139
  1. Results from multivariate logistic regression analysis
  2. Abbreviations: N number of respondents, OR odds ratio, 95% CI 95% confidence interval, ref. reference group
  3. aModel 1: adjusted for country-specific effects
  4. bModel 2: Model 1 + adjusted for demographic data (age, sex, education) and health behaviors (smoking and frequency of alcohol drinking)