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Table 1 Characteristics of study participants, n (%) or mean (SD)

From: Risk of psychological ill health and methods of organisational downsizing: a cross-sectional survey in four European countries

Characteristic Respondents (N = 1456)
Age: years Mean = 45.0 (SD = 10.3) Range = 18–68
Sex
 Men 790 (54.3)
 Women 666 (45.7)
Education
 University 654 (44.9)
 Any lower education 802 (55.1)
Country
 Hungary 400 (27.5)
 Sweden 301 (20.7)
 France 386 (26.5)
 UK 369 (25.3)
Smoking
 Daily or occasional smoker 341 (23.4)
 Non-smoker 1115 (76.6)
Frequency of alcohol drinking
 “never” (abstainer) 170 (11.7)
 “once a month or less” 315 (21.6)
 “2–4 times a month” 466 (32.0)
 “2–3 times a week” 346 (23.8)
 “4 times a week or more” 157 (10.8)
 “don’t know” (non-abstainer) 2 (0.1)
Downsizing exposure
 Workers with no downsizing 681 (46.8)
 Strategic downsizing (no CR): redeployed 122 (8.4)
 Strategic downsizing (no CR): reemployed 111 (7.6)
 Reactive medium-scale downsizing (CR 10–19%): reemployed 73 (5.0)
 Reactive medium-scale downsizing (CR 10–19%): survivor 98 (6.7)
 Reactive medium-scale downsizing (CR 10–19%): unemployed 109 (7.5)
 Reactive large-scale downsizing (CR ≥20%): reemployed 44 (3.0)
 Reactive large-scale downsizing (CR ≥20%): survivor 126 (8.7)
 Reactive large-scale downsizing (CR ≥20%): unemployed 67 (4.6)
 Reactive downsizing, scale unknown 25 (1.7)
Depressive symptoms
 Missing or incomplete data 34 (2.3)
 Sum score Mean = 6.1 (SD = 5.6) Range = 0–24
Anxiety
 Missing or incomplete data 41 (2.8)
 Sum score Mean 10.4 (SD = 5.4) Range = 0–28
Emotional exhaustion
 Missing or incomplete data 161 (11)
 Sum score Mean = 1.5 (SD = 0.9) Range = 0–4
  1. Abbreviations: N number of respondents in the sample, n number of participants in respective categories, (%) percent, SD standard deviation, CR presence and extent of compulsory redundancies measured as percent reduction in personnel