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Table 4 Factors associated with disability among people at Dabat HDSS site, northwest Ethiopia, 2014

From: Prevalence of disability and associated factors in Dabat Health and Demographic Surveillance System site, northwest Ethiopia

Variables Disability yes n(%) COR (95%CI) AOR (95%CI) Over all p-value
Sex
 Female 679 (1.98)   1 0.001
 Male 547 (1.65) 0.82 (0.74,0.93) 0.98 (0.75, 1.28)
Age in year
  ≤ 14 137 (0.47) 1.00   <0.001
 15 to 49 517 (1.73) 3.71 (3.03, 4.48) 1.57 (0.70, 3.53)
  > 50 572 (6.63) 14.9 (12.37, 18.1) 4.49 (1.95, 10.33)
Wealth status <0.001
 Poorest quintile 314 (3.31) 1  
 Second quintile 256 (2.26) 67.4 (0.56,0.79) 0.76 (0.57, 1.00)
 Third quintile 201 (1.54) 0.45 (0.38, 0.54) 0.75 (0.56, 0.99)
 Fourth quintile 238 (1.63) 0.48 (0.40, 0.57) 0.67 (0.51, 0.89)
 Richest quintile 195 (1.18) 0.34 (0.29, 0.42) 0.55 (0.41, 0.75)
Residence >0.05
 Rural 909 (1.79) 1  
 Urban 319 (1.89) 1.06 (0.93, 1.21) 0.99 (0.76, 1.30)
Educational status <0.001
 Illiterate 44 (0.32) 1  
 Can read & write 823 (3.89) 12.5 (9.25, 16.9) 0.85 (0.16, 4.51)
 Primary school 110 (1.99) 6 27 (4.41, 8.91) 0.6 (0.11, 3.19)
 High school 87 (0.79) 2.48 (1.72, 3.56) 0.6 (0.11, 3.18)
 Diploma and above 162 (1.01) 3.15 (2.26, 4.40) 0.3 (0.06, 1.63)
Occupation
 Under age 114 (0.56) 1   
 Student 120 (0.86) 1.54 (1.19, 1.99) 0.50 (0.29, 0.87) <0.001
 Farmer 277 (2.19) 3.99 (3.20, 4.97) 0.47 (0.30, 0.74) <0.001
 All type of paid job 81 (1.71) 3.10 (2.33, 4.14) 0.46 (0.28, 0.77) <0.001
 Unemployed 17 (1.61) 2.92 (1.74, 4.87) 0.66 (0.32, 1.33) <0.001
 Other 55 (16.72) 35 (25.39, 50.4) 1.25 (0.74, 2.11) <0.001
Doing work related physical activity <0.001
 Never 400 (8.89) 1  
 Sometimes 375 (2.28) 0.24 (0.21, 0.27) 0.59 (0.46, 0.77)
 Most of the time 275 (1.61) 0.17 (0.14, 0.19) 0.36 (0.27, 0.49)
Food security
 Secure 427 (1.33) 1   
 Mildly insecure 115 (1.58) 1.18 (0.96, 1.46) 1.18 (0.86, 1.62) 0.105
 Moderately insecure 430 (2.26) 1.71 (1.49, 1.96) 1.49 (1.20, 1.86) <0.01
 Severely insecure 202 (3.52) 2.69 (2.28, 3.19) 2.11 (1.59, 2.80) <0.01
Location of place
 High land 830 (1.84) 1   
 Low land 396 (1.77) 0.96 (0.85, 1.08) 0.93 (0.75, 1.15) 0.520
Marital status
 Under age 79 (0.39) 1   
 Married 460 (2.11) 5.45 (4.29, 6.93) 4.07 (0.67, 24.51) <0.001
 Single 312 (1.58) 4.07 (3.17, 5.21) 5.25 (0.87, 31.51) <0.001
 Divorced 143 (5.98) 16 (12.20, 21.3) 5.47 (0.90, 33.31) <0.001
 Widowed 205 (8.69) 23.9 (18.4, 31.2) 4.03 (0.66, 24.70) <0.001
 Separated 27 (2.74) 7 (4.58, 11.1) 7.52 (1.18, 47.84) <0.001