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Table 2 Socio-demographic characteristics and health risk behaviours of respondents

From: Determinants of self-rated health among shanghai elders: a cross-sectional study

SRH Good Fair Poor Total
N % N % N % N %
socio-demographic
 residence** urban 272 35.6 390 51.1 101 13.2 763 38.2
suburbs 428 51.4 320 38.5 84 10.1 832 41.7
outer suburbs 188 46.8 144 35.8 70 17.4 402 20.1
 gender* male 409 48.6 342 40.7 90 10.7 841 42.2
female 479 41.5 511 44.3 163 14.1 1153 57.8
 age** 60~ 320 49.8 259 40.3 64 10.0 643 32.2
65~ 161 47.5 140 41.3 38 11.2 339 17.0
70~ 139 44.3 134 42.7 41 13.1 314 15.7
75~ 152 40.4 172 45.7 52 13.8 376 18.8
80~ 116 35.8 148 45.7 60 18.5 324 16.2
 education level illiterate 243 42.6 241 42.2 87 15.2 571 28.7
primary 280 44.1 266 41.9 89 14.0 635 31.9
Middle/high 314 46.7 295 43.9 63 9.4 672 33.7
College or above 50 43.9 49 43.0 15 13.2 114 5.7
health risk behaviours
 smoking* never 677 43.5 676 43.4 203 13.0 1556 77.9
occasionally 45 53.6 32 38.1 7 8.3 84 4.2
often 131 52.6 93 37.3 25 10.0 249 12.5
quit 35 32.4 53 49.1 20 18.5 108 5.4
 drinking* never 669 42.7 680 43.5 216 13.8 1565 78.4
occasionally 77 51.3 65 43.3 8 5.3 150 7.5
often 32 59.3 20 37.0 2 3.7 54 2.7
quit 110 48.2 89 39.0 29 12.7 228 11.4
 outdoor activities** yes 603 51.8 453 38.9 108 9.3 1164 58.4
no 284 34.2 401 48.3 145 17.5 830 41.6
  1. **means p < 0.05
  2. *means p < 0.1