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Table 1 Thai Cohort Study: baseline characteristics (2005) by diabetes outcome in 2013

From: Body mass index and type 2 diabetes in Thai adults: defining risk thresholds and population impacts

  Men N = 17607a Women N = 21900a
  T2DM incidencec %d p e T2DM incidence c %d p e
Total 438/17607 2.5   260/21900 1.2  
Age years
 Under 30 61/7029 0.9 <0.001 60/12097 1.0 <0.001
 30–39 166/6634 2.5   108/7101 1.5  
 40 or over 211/3944 5.4   92/2702 3.4  
BMI-Asian (kg/m2) cut-pointsb
Underweight (<18.49) 5/962 0.5 <0.001 3/4221 0.1 <0.001
Normal (18.5- < 23.0) 67/8208 0.8   56/12789 0.4  
 At risk (23.0- < 25.0) 76/4034 1.9   45/ 2347 1.9  
 Obese I (25.0- < 30.0) 196/3631 5.4   98/ 1858 5.3  
 Obese II (>30.0) 86/520 16.5   56/ 451 12.4  
Income (Baht/month)
  < 10,000 146/ 8930 1.6 <0.001 121/ 13,996 0.9 <0.001
 10,001–20,000 148/ 5590 2.7   79/ 5338 1.5  
  > 20,001 134/ 2820 4.8   54/ 2087 2.6  
Education level
 Junior high school 21/ 769 2.7 0.16 6/ 376 1.6 0.90
 High school 177/ 7991 2.2   94/ 7948 1.2  
 Diploma/certificate 101/ 3994 2.5   79/ 6670 1.2  
 University 137/ 4815 2.8   79/ 6849 1.2  
Childhood area of residence
 Rural 290/13377 2.2 <0.001 158/ 15,871 1.0 <0.001
 Urban 141/ 4045 3.5   96/ 5846 1.6  
Fruit and vegetable serves/day
  < 5 serves 310/ 11,658 2.7 0.05 156/ 12,619 1.2 0.37
  > 5 serves 115/ 5360 2.2   95/ 8625 1.1  
Sugar sweetened beverage intake
 Less than daily 404/ 16,376 2.5 0.24 230/ 20,424 1.1 <0.01
  > daily 33/ 1083 3.0   28/ 1292 2.2  
Smoking
 Never smoked 147/ 8342 1.8 <0.001 237/ 20,290 1.2 0.17
 Ex-smoker 151/ 5437 2.8   6/ 691 0.9  
 Current smoker 115/ 3024 3.8   4/ 149 2.7  
Alcohol intake
 Never drinks 29/ 1868 1.6 <0.001 123/ 9005 1.4 0.14
 Quit 59/ 1777 3.3   12/ 1475 0.8  
 Occasional drinker 280/ 12,037 2.3   119/ 11,012 1.1  
 Regular drinker 67/ 1780 3.8   1/ 120 0.8  
  1. aNumbers may not add to total sample size due to missing responses for some characteristics
  2. bBody mass Index (BMI) defined using the WHO International Obesity Taskforce recommendations
  3. cIncident cases cumulating by 2013 divided by population without diabetes at baseline
  4. dCumulative incidence over 8 years T2DM, type 2 diabetes mellitus
  5. eChi Square p value comparing baseline characteristics among participants by T2DM status in 2013