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Table 1 Comparison of cigarette consumption, retail prices and gross national income from 2005 to 2014 in the European Union

From: The effects of a rise in cigarette price on cigarette consumption, tobacco taxation revenues, and of smoking-related deaths in 28 EU countries-- applying threshold regression modelling

Countries Per capita legal cigarette consumption of population aged over 15 (No. cigs) Real retail price of a pack of legal cigarettes (US$) Real GNI per capita (US$)
Consumer price index (2005 = 100)
The number of MPOWER measures at the highest level of achievement in 2014 Share of total taxes in the retail price in 2014
2005 2014 Change (2005 ~ 2014) 2005 2014 Change (2005 ~ 2014) 2005 2014 Change (2005 ~ 2014)
Austria 1688 1631 −3.38% 3.27 4.59 40.37% 38,500 41,765 8.48% 1 74.00%
Belgium 1156 966 −16.44% 4.5 5.24 16.44% 37,850 39,561 4.52% 2 75.92%
Bulgaria 2750 1282 −53.38% 0.8 1.6 100.00% 3760 5261 39.92% 2 82.65%
Croatia 1735 1330 −23.34% 1.69 2.74 62.13% 9870 10,471 6.09% 0 75.26%
Czech Republic 2183 1720 −21.21% 1.77 2.79 57.63% 12,380 15,246 23.15% 1 77.42%
Cyprus 1371 1400 2.12% 2.06 2.72 32.04% 21,490 22,597 5.15% 0 77.47%
Denmark 1472 1080 −26.63% 4.06 5.15 26.85% 49,620 52,632 6.07% 2 74.75%
Estonia 1481 1480 −0.07% 1.25 2.27 81.60% 9710 13,436 38.37% 1 77.24%
Finland 954 789 −17.30% 4.05 5.44 34.32% 40,100 40,954 2.13% 1 81.53%
France 898 682 −24.05% 5 7.07 41.40% 36,000 37,487 4.13% 1 80.3%
Germany 1175 980 −16.60% 4.49 5.23 16.48% 35,880 41,335 15.20% 1 72.9%
Greece 3016 1552 −48.54% 2.46 3.3 34.15% 22,510 18,212 −19.09% 2 79.95%
Hungary 1366 936 −31.48% 1.52 1.88 23.68% 10,430 9202 −11.77% 1 77.26%
Ireland 1364 685 −49.78% 6.01 9.04 50.42% 44,500 32,362 −27.28% 3 77.8%
Italy 1569 1147 −26.90% 3.57 4.9 37.25% 32,390 29,248 −9.70% 1 75.68%
Latvia 2089 892 −57.30% 0.81 2.02 149.38% 7360 10,293 39.85% 1 76.89%
Lithuania 1079 965 −10.57% 1.26 2.42 92.06% 7550 11,421 51.27% 1 75.76%
Luxembourg 1110 854 −23.06% 4.57 4.63 1.31% 70,340 62,685 −10.88% 1 70.24%
Malta 1661 1048 −36.91% 2.76 3.77 36.59% 14,380 19,645 36.61% 2 74.63%
Netherlands 837 659 −21.27% 3.13 5.92 89.14% 42,390 43,804 3.34% 2 73.4%
Poland 1926 1136 −41.02% 1.17 2.52 115.38% 7330 10,858 48.13% 1 80.29%
Portugal 1754 852 −51.43% 2.29 4.62 101.75% 18,550 18,342 −1.12% 1 74.51%
Romania 1604 1501 −6.42% 0.23 0.55 139.13% 3930 6190 57.51% 1 75.41%
Slovakia 1136 1381 21.57% 1.26 1.83 45.24% 11,280 14,410 27.75% 1 81.54%
Slovenia 2281 2098 −8.02% 1.54 2.47 60.39% 18,440 19,217 4.21% 1 80.41%
Spain 2212 911 −58.82% 2.79 4.09 46.59% 25,930 24,424 −5.81% 3 78.09%
Sweden 2212 666 −69.89% 4.93 6.37 29.21% 45,350 54,339 19.82% 1 68.84%
United Kingdom 843 568 −32.62% 7.87 9.48 20.46% 41,150 34,194 −16.90% 3 82.16%