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Table 4 Absolute (SII) and relative (RII) occupational class differences in sickness absence by diagnostic causes, men a

From: Occupational class differences in diagnostic-specific sickness absence: a register-based study in the Finnish population, 2005–2014

Diseases 2005 2008 2011 2014 p for trend
SII b
Any cause 0.14 (0.14, 0.15) 0.13 (0.13, 0.14) 0.12 (0.12, 0.13) 0.11 (0.11, 0.12) <0.0001
Musculoskeletal 0.08 (0.07, 0.08) 0.07 (0.07, 0.07) 0.06 (0.06, 0.06) 0.06 (0.05, 0.06) <0.0001
Mental 0.00 (0.00, 0.01) 0.00 (0.00, 0.00) 0.00 (0.00, 0.00) 0.00 (0.00, 0.00) 0.1907
Injuries 0.03 (0.03, 0.03) 0.03 (0.03, 0.03) 0.03 (0.03, 0.03) 0.03 (0.02, 0.03) <0.0001
Neoplasms 0.00 (0.00, 0.00) 0.00 (0.00, 0.00) 0.00 (0.00, 0.00) 0.00 (0.00, 0.00) 0.1079
Nervous system 0.01 (0.01, 0.01) 0.01 (0.01, 0.01) 0.01 (0.01, 0.01) 0.01 (0.01, 0.01) 0.0032
Cardiovascular 0.00 (0.00, 0.00) 0.00 (0.00, 0.00) 0.00 (0.00, 0.00) 0.00 (0.00, 0.00) <0.0001
Respiratory 0.01 (0.01, 0.01) 0.01 (0.00, 0.01) 0.01 (0.01, 0.01) 0.00 (0.00, 0.00) <0.0001
Digestive system 0.01 (0.01, 0.01) 0.01 (0.00, 0.01) 0.01 (0.00, 0.01) 0.01 (0.01, 0.01) 0.2039
Other diagnoses 0.01 (0.01, 0.01) 0.01 (0.01, 0.01) 0.01 (0.01, 0.01) 0.01 (0.01, 0.01) <0.0001
RII b
Any cause 3.76 (3.66, 3.87) 3.62 (3.52, 3.72) 3.51 (3.41, 3.61) 3.51 (3.40, 3.62) <0.0001
Musculoskeletal 10.77 (10.20, 11.37) 9.27 (8.82, 9.80) 8.33 (7.89, 8.79) 8.54 (8.06, 9.05) <0.0001
Mental 1.22 (1.13, 1.31) 1.13 (1.06, 1.22) 1.22 (1.13, 1.32) 1.22 (1.12, 1.33) 0.7980
Injuries 4.46 (4.17, 4.77) 4.07 (3.81, 4.35) 3.83 (3.59, 4.10) 3.53 (3.29, 3.78) <0.0001
Neoplasms 1.66 (1.42, 1.94) 1.42 (1.22, 1.65) 1.41 (1.22, 1.64) 1.39 (1.19, 1.62) 0.0081
Nervous system 5.95 (5.08, 6.97) 5.62 (4.81, 6.56) 6.23 (5.31, 7.32) 6.55 (5.57, 7.71) 0.6117
Cardiovascular 2.45 (2.21, 2.71) 2.59 (2.32, 2.88) 2.62 (2.34, 2.94) 2.62 (2.32, 2.96) 0.3322
Respiratory 2.65 (2.36, 2.98) 2.63 (2.33, 2.98) 2.35 (2.10, 2.63) 2.21 (1.93, 2.53) 0.0329
Digestive system 1.95 (1.76, 2.16) 2.14 (1.92, 2.38) 2.16 (1.94, 2.42) 2.38 (2.12, 2.67) 0.0125
Other diagnoses 2.92 (2.67, 3.19) 3.07 (2.80, 3.36) 2.78 (2.52, 3.01) 2.66 (2.41, 2.95) 0.5200
  1. 95% confidence intervals are shown in parentheses
  2. a SII Slope Index of Inequality, RII Relative Index of Inequality
  3. b Age-adjusted; age was classified into 5-year age groups