Skip to main content

Table 2 Proportions of persons with long-term sickness absence by diagnostic cause and occupational class a

From: Occupational class differences in diagnostic-specific sickness absence: a register-based study in the Finnish population, 2005–2014

  Women, 25–64 years p for trenda Men, 25–64 years p for trenda
  2005 2008 2011 2014   2005 2008 2011 2014  
  Any cause     
Upper non-manual 11.3 10.9 10.4 9.6 <0.0001 7.0 6.7 6.2 5.8 <0.0001
Lower non-manual 17.0 16.7 16.5 15.5 <0.0001 10.2 10.0 9.8 9.0 <0.0001
Manual workers 21.4 20.3 19.5 18.0 <0.0001 16.3 15.4 14.4 13.2 <0.0001
All 16.7 16.1 15.6 14.5 <0.0001 12.3 11.7 10.9 10.0 <0.0001
  Musculoskeletal      
Upper non-manual 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.1 <0.0001 1.5 1.7 1.5 1.4 <0.0001
Lower non-manual 5.8 5.9 5.8 5.3 <0.0001 3.0 3.1 3.1 2.7 <0.0001
Manual workers 9.9 9.5 9.3 8.3 <0.0001 7.1 6.8 6.2 5.5 <0.0001
All 6.0 5.9 5.6 5.0 <0.0001 4.6 4.5 4.1 3.6 <0.0001
  Mental     
Upper non-manual 2.9 2.8 2.4 2.3 <0.0001 1.4 1.4 1.1 1.0 <0.0001
Lower non-manual 3.5 3.5 3.2 3.1 <0.0001 1.8 1.9 1.6 1.5 <0.0001
Manual workers 3.3 3.2 2.7 2.6 <0.0001 1.7 1.6 1.3 1.2 <0.0001
All 3.3 3.3 2.9 2.8 <0.0001 1.6 1.6 1.3 1.2 <0.0001
  Injuries     
Upper non-manual 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 <0.0001 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 0.3685
Lower non-manual 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9 <0.0001 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 0.1881
Manual workers 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 0.4498 3.3 3.1 3.0 2.8 <0.0001
All 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 <0.0001 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.1 <0.0001
  Neoplasms     
Upper non-manual 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.3528 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.0123
Lower non-manual 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9813 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3342
Manual workers 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.0060 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.6487
All 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.0946 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.0767
  Nervous system     
Upper non-manual 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.6188 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1677
Lower non-manual 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.0013 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.0335
Manual workers 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1 <0.0001 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.0044
All 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 <0.0001 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 <0.0001
  Cardiovascular     
Upper non-manual 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 <0.0001 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.5 <0.0001
Lower non-manual 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.5 <0.0001 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 <0.0001
Manual workers 1.1 0.9 0.7 0.7 <0.0001 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.8 <0.0001
All 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.5 <0.0001 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 <0.0001
  Respiratory     
Upper non-manual 0.8 0.8 1.1 0.8 0.1524 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4 <0.0001
Lower non-manual 1.1 1.0 1.4 1.0 0.1071 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.0301
Manual workers 1.2 1.0 1.2 0.9 <0.0001 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.6 <0.0001
All 1.1 1.0 1.2 0.9 0.1951 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.5 <0.0001
  Digestive system     
Upper non-manual 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.0004 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.5 <0.0001
Lower non-manual 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.0458 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 <0.0001
Manual workers 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 <0.0001 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.9 <0.0001
All 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 <0.0001 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.7 <0.0001
  Other diagnoses     
Upper non-manual 2.4 2.1 2.0 1.8 <0.0001 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 <0.0001
Lower non-manual 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.7 <0.0001 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.9 <0.0001
Manual workers 3.1 2.8 2.6 2.5 <0.0001 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.2 <0.0001
All 2.9 2.7 2.6 2.4 <0.0001 1.3 1.1 1.0 0.9 <0.0001
  1. a Unadjusted