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Table 2 Changes in CVD-related factors at one year follow-up (2012) compared to baselinea

From: A health dialogue intervention reduces cardiovascular risk factor levels: a population based randomised controlled trial in Swedish primary care setting with 1-year follow-up

  Intervention Control Between groups Effect size
Men   Women   Total   Men   Women   Total     
Continuous variables Mean (SD) p-value Mean (SD) p-value Mean (SD) p-value Mean (SD) p-value Mean (SD) p-value Mean (SD) p-value Mean (SEdiff) p-value  
 Weight (kg) −0.6 (3.7) .181 −0.9 (3.3) .009 −0.8 (3.4) .005 −0.1 (3.0) .773 −0.21 (3.2) .571 −0.2 (3.1) .538 0.6 (0.38) .093  
 BMI (kg/m2) −0.22 (1.1) .132 −0.44 (1.3) .002 −0.35 (1.2) .001 −0.08 (1.1) .548 −0.02 (1.2) .897 −0.05 (1.2) .622 0.31 (0.14) .031 .25
 WC (cm) −2.3 (5.6) .001 −1.0 (4.7) .057 −1.5 (5.1) ≤ .001 −0.2 (4.0) .720 1.4 (5.1) .019 0.6 (4.7) .105 2.1 (0.56) ≤ .001 .44
 WHR −0.02 (0.1) .009 0.00 (0.1) .380 −0.01 (0.1) .013 0.00 (0.0) .665 0.01 (0.1) .018 0.01 (0.0) .034 0.02 (0.01) ≤ .001 .38
 SBP (mm Hg) −2.6 (13.7) .121 −0.7 (13.3) .636 −1.5 (13.5) .163 −1.0 (13.9) .541 −0.95 (14.8) .578 −1.0 (14.3) .408 1.00 (1.59) .740  
 DBP (mm Hg) −2.1 (9.6) .073 1.2 (8.8) .215 −0.3 (9.3) .731 −0.5 (10.4) .669 0.47 (7.3) .572 0.0 (8.9) .985 0.3 (1.04) .817  
 S-cholesterol (mmol/L) −0.2 (0.8) .095 −0.2 (1.2) .341 −0.2 (1.1) .085 −0.1 (0.9) .412 −0.1 (1.0) .322 −0.1 (0.9) .196 0.1 (0.14) .574  
 HbA1c (mmol/mol) −0.3 (2.9) .430 −0.6 (2.2) .006 −0.5 (2.5) .013 −0.5 (7.1) .506 0.1 (1.9) .528 −0.3 (5.2) .419 −0.17 (0.44) .698  
 Fp glucose (mmol/L) 0.1 (0.8) .610 0.0 (0.4) .980 0.0 (0.6) .668 −0.2 (0.8) .071 0.0 (0.5) .569 −0.1 (0.7) .065 −0.1 (0.07) .102  
 Alcohol consumption −0.5 (22.9) .857 −1.8 (12.0) .365 −1.0 (18.4) .566 −5.3 (19.9) .021 −2.6 (13.3) .117 −4.0 (17.2) .005 −3.0 (2.19) .167  
Categorical variables % p-value % p-value % p-value % p-value % p-value % p-value    
 Unfavourable diet 0.0 1.000 −20.0 .004 −11.1 .031 −6.0 .424 1.8 .815 −0.6 .860    
 Low physical activity −7.5 .180 −5.7 .267 −6.5 .052 −3.5 .549 1.2 1.000 −1.2 .855    
 Daily smokers 1.5 1.000 2.3 .625 −0.6 1.000 0.0 1.000 0.0 1.000 0.0 1.000    
  1. an-values are the same as in Table 1
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