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Table 2 Sample characteristics and self-reported need for social care by sample characteristics

From: Estimating the variation in need for community-based social care by body mass index in England and associated cost: population-based cross-sectional study

  Unweighted count % or meana % of those with self-reported need for social care (95% CI)a
BMI (excludes missing and unreliable) 5045 28.06  
BMI (including unreliable and imputed) 6462 28.15  
BMI category
  < 18.5 52 0.8 1.1 (0.7 to 1.5)
 18.5 to <25 1328 20.8 15.0 (13.4 to 16.6)
 25 to <30 2152 33.2 23.0 (21.2 to 24.8)
 30 to <40 1405 21.7 22.9 (21.1 to 24.7)
 40+ 108 1.7 2.5 (1.8 to 3.1)
 Missing and unreliable 1417 21.8 35.6 (33.3 to 37.8)
Limiting long term illness
 No 3632 55.7 18.6 (16.9 to 20.2)
 Yes 2830 44.3 81.4 (79.8 to 83.1)
Limiting illness (definition excludes any diabetes)
 No 4098 63.0 33.3 (31.3 to 35.3)
 Yes 2364 37.0 66.7 (64.7 to 68.7)
Limiting illness (definition excludes any diabetes or heart-related/stroke)
 No 4398 67.7 43.2 (41.0 to 45.3)
 Yes 2064 32.3 56.8 (54.7 to 59.0)
Sex
 Female 3500 45.3 62.6 (60.8 to 64.3)
 Male 2962 54.7 37.4 (35.7 to 39.2)
Age (years)
 65–69 2004 30.4 17.2 (15.5 to 18.9)
 70–74 1609 24.3 19.6 (17.9 to 21.3)
 75–79 1262 20.0 19.9 (18.1 to 21.7)
 80–84 904 14.4 21.9 (20.2 to 23.7)
 85+ 683 11.0 21.4 (19.6 to 23.2)
Ethnic Origin
 White 6202 95.6 94.5 (93.4 to 95.7)
 Asian 126 2.2 3.1 (2.2 to 4.0)
 Black 77 1.3 1.3 (0.8 to 1.9)
 Other 31 0.5 0.5 (0.2 to 0.8)
 Missing 26 0.4 0.5 (0.2 to 0.8)
IMD quintile
 1 least deprived 1474 22.6 16.9 (14.9 to 19.0)
 2 1592 24.9 22.3 (20.1 to 24.4)
 3 1405 21.9 21.3 (19.2 to 23.3)
 4 1105 17.1 19.9 (17.8 to 21.9)
 5 most deprived 886 13.4 19.6 (17.5 to 21.8)
Equivalised income tertile
 Lowest 1994 30.9 36.1 (34.0 to 38.3)
 Middle 1867 28.7 26.0 (24.0 to 28.0)
 Highest 860 13.3 7.2 (6.0 to 8.3)
 Missing 1741 27.1 30.7 (28.6 to 32.9)
Marital status
 Not married or cohabiting 2566 40.3 53.0 (50.7 to 55.4)
 Married or cohabiting 3896 59.7 47.0 (44.6 to 49.3)
Adults in household
 1 2291 35.4 45.6 (43.3 to 47.8)
 2 3746 56.6 45.6 (43.3 to 47.9)
 3 352 6.5 6.7 (5.4 to 8.0)
 4 55 1.1 1.5 (0.8 to 2.1)
 5 10 0.2 0.2 (−0.1 to 0.6)
 6 6 0.1 0.3 (0.0 to 0.6)
 8 2 0.1 0.2 (0.2 to 0.2)
Children in household
 0 6401 98.9 98.3 (97.7 to 98.9)
 1 38 0.7 1.2 (0.7 to 1.7)
 2 18 0.3 0.4 (0.1 to 0.7)
 3 3 0.1 0.0 (0.0 to 0.0)
 4 1 0.0 0.1 (−0.1 to 0.2)
 5 1 0.0 0.0 (0.0 to 0.1)
Any help required with ADL or IADL
 No 4194 64.3  
 Yes 2268 35.7  
Any help received with ADL or IADL in the previous week
 No 5024 77.3  
 Yes 1438 22.7  
Type of care received in the previous weekb
 None 5024 77.3  
 Informal only 1222 19.2  
 Formal (LA) only 78 1.3  
 Both informal and formal 138 2.2  
Mean hours of help received by source in previous weekb
 Informal 1330 21.2  
 Formal (LA) 214 1.6  
 Total informal and formal 1406 22.8  
  1. a Weighted and adjusted for survey design
  2. bConditioned on receiving at least some help and expressing a need for help