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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of heart attack survivors (≤ 5 years after attack) not at work and at work

From: Cancer and heart attack survivors’ expectations of employment status: results from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing

Sample characteristics Not at work; N = 113
N (%)a
At work; N = 78
N (%)a
P-value
Gender Male 85 (75) 72 (92) 0.002
Female 28 (25) 6 (8)
Age ≤ 55 years 20 (34) 33 (42) 0.000
> 55 and ≤65 years 93 (66) 45 (58)
Current smokerb Yes Cigarettesc 13 (24) 13 (65) 12 (30) 13 (76) 0.493
Roll ups   7 (35)   4 (24)  
No 41 (76) 28 (70) 0.520
Alcohol (last 12 months) Twice or more a day 2 (2) 1 (1) 0.009
(Almost) daily 31 (30) 20 (30)
Once or twice a week 29 (28) 26 (39)
Once or twice a month 8 (8) 12 (18)
Special occasions only 13 (13) 7 (10)
Not at all 20 (19) 1 (1)
Moderate or vigorous sport activities Yes 73 (71) 61 (78) 0.043
No 40 (29) 17 (22)
General health Very good 8 (7) 14 (18) 0.000
Good 21 (20) 24 (32)
Fair 43 (41) 34 (45)
Bad 25 (24) 4 (5)
Very bad 9 (8) 0 (0)
GHQ (range 0–36)d Mean (SD) 11.30 (3.670) 9.43 (2.500) 0.004
Participation (range 1–8)e Between 1 and 4 activities 50 (52) 18 (27) 0.002
Between 5 and 8 activities 47 (48) 49 (73)
CES-D 8 (0–8; cut-off ≥3)f No depressive symptoms 80 (71) 72 (92) 0.000
Depressive symptoms 33 (29) 6 (8)
Quality of life (CASP19)g
- Control (0–12) Mean (SD) 7.10 (2.823) 7.97 (2.469) 0.048
- Autonomy (0–15) Mean (SD) 8.41 (2.744) 9.19 (2.865) 0.085
- Self-realisation (0–15) Mean (SD) 7.99 (3.330) 9.94 (3.059) 0.000
- Pleasure (0–15) Mean (SD) 12.38 (2.845) 13.08 (2.621) 0.114
Job satisfaction (range 4–48)h Mean (SD) n/a 30.50 (5.328) n/a
Expectation of being at work (0–100%) after certain agei Below or equal to 50% 95 (94) 34 (44) 0.000
Above 50% 6 (6) 44 (56)
  1. aIf numbers do not add up to 113 (not at work) or 78 (at work), there were missing values; bOnly persons who have ever smoked were included; cOnly current smokers were included;d GHQ General Health Questionnaire; N = 60 not at work; N = 44 at work eParticipation activities are e.g., voting, reading newspaper, having a hobby, taking vacation, using internet, using mobile phone; fCES-D 8 = 8-item Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale; g N = 96 not at work; N = 64 at work; hOnly those at work were included; i N = 92 not at work; N = 76 at work (only women ≤59 and men ≤64 are included)
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