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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of cancer survivors (≤ 5 years after diagnosis) not at work and at work

From: Cancer and heart attack survivors’ expectations of employment status: results from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing

Sample characteristics Not at work; N = 187
N (%)a
At work; N = 159
N (%)a
P-value
Gender Male 73 (39) 66 (42) 0.640
Female 114 (61) 93 (48)
Age ≤ 55 years 27 (14) 61 (38) 0.000
> 55 and ≤65 years 160 (86) 98 (62)
Current smokerb Yes Cigarettesc 22 (33) 27 (66) 12 (20) 19 (100) 0.004
Roll ups   14 (34)   0 (0)  
No 44 (67) 49 (80) 0.082
Alcohol (last 12 months) Twice or more a day 6 (4) 1 (1) 0.000
(Almost) daily 42 (25) 45 (30)
Once or twice a week 37 (22) 59 (39)
Once or twice a month 24 (14) 19 (13)
Special occasions only 29 (17) 19 (13)
Not at all 29 (17) 8 (5)
Moderate or vigorous sport activities Yes 118 (63) 130 (82) 0.000
No 69 (37) 29 (18)
General health Very good 29 (16) 41 (26) 0.000
Good 41 (23) 63 (40)
Fair 53 (30) 41 (26)
Bad 49 (28) 11 (7)
Very bad 6 (3) 3 (2)
GHQ (range 0–36)d Mean (SD) 10.81 (4.651) 10.37 (4.556) 0.493
Participation (range 1–8)e Between 1 and 4 activities 83 (52) 40 (27) 0.000
Between 5 and 8 activities 78 (48) 110 (73)
CES-D 8 (0–8; cut-off ≥3)f No depressive symptoms 124 (69) 133 (84) 0.001
Depressive symptoms 56 (31) 25 (16)
Quality of life (CASP19)g
- Control (0–12) Mean (SD) 7.21 (2.797) 8.49 (2.532) 0.000
- Autonomy (0–15) Mean (SD) 9.23 (3.011) 10.08 (2.629) 0.009
- Self-realisation (0–15) Mean (SD) 9.06 (3.633) 10.67 (2.667) 0.000
- Pleasure (0–15) Mean (SD) 12.78 (2.746) 13.46 (2.097) 0.016
Job satisfaction (range 4–48)h Mean (SD) n/a 32.89 (6.668) n/a
Expectation of being at work (0–100%) after certain agei Below or equal to 50% 99 (94) 64 (45) 0.000
Above 50% 6 (6) 77 (55)
  1. aIf numbers do not add up to 187 (not at work) or 159 (at work), there were missing values; b Only persons who have ever smoked were included; c Only current smokers were included; d GHQ = General Health Questionnaire; N = 111 not at work; N = 97 at work e Participation activities are e.g., voting, reading newspaper, having a hobby, taking vacation, using internet, using mobile phone; f CES-D 8 = 8-item Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale; g N = 156 not at work; N = 149 at work; h Only those at work were included; i N = 105 not at work; N = 141 at work (only women ≤59 and men ≤64 are included)
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